“034 Metal Recycling” polluting Kragujevac, Serbia


In 2000, the old shoe factory located in the city of Kragujevac was privatized by the company “034 Metal Recycling” DOO and modified into a metals recycling industry. This metal foundry is situated only 10 m from the nearest houses and 100 m from the kindergarten and city park built by the citizens of Kragujevac.

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Basic Data
Name“034 Metal Recycling” polluting Kragujevac, Serbia
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Metal refineries
Specific CommoditiesRecycled Metals
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe foundry recycled 5,000 tonnes of metal waste including aluminium, lead, copper among other metals.
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population150,000
Start Date2000
End Date2011
Company Names or State Enterprises034 Metal Recycling DOO from Serbia - Owner of the foundry
Relevant government actorsThe Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental Protection of Republic of Serbia; Regional and Republic Inspectorate of Environmental Protection.
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersCivil association Eko park (http://www.ekopark.rs/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=49&Itemid=56); Civil association Eko-mreza; Vojvodjanska zelena inicijativa (http://www.vojvodjanskazelenainicijativa.org.rs/)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution
Potential: Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
OtherRespiratory diseases, asthma and bronchitis in kids.
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseProject cancelled
Factory closure
Development of AlternativesThe citizens demanded respecting the environmental law, displacement of the foundry to a distance of at least 500 m from the closest settlement, and installation of air filters to prevent further air pollution, and finally closing the foundry. Closing was the least preferred solution as the factory was providing many workplaces. The company claimed use of clean technology explaining that the factory was located in industrial zone as well as that the houses located in its immediate vicinity were built illegally. The Ministry of Environment proposed installation of automatic air quality measurements that would help follow the pollution and react in cases of exceeding the permitted levels.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.The grassroots organizing of the local community did not have significant influence on the current closure of the factory. The factory was closed due to a tax fraud and bankruptcy.
Sources and Materials

Vlasnik livnice oštetio budžet za 3,9 miliona evra
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Porez preči od zdravlja i prirode
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Novi oblak iz Livnice
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Livnica zagađuje naselje
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Ubi ih Livnica
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Neće livnicu u komšiluku
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Livnica pored parka i obdaništa
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Livnivca zagađuje naselje
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Livnica nastavlja zagađivanje
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"034 metal industry" još bez kupca
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Nema kupca za livnicu
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Uzaludni protesti zbog zagađenja
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Blokiraćemo jer nas guše!
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Zatvaranje po svaku cenu
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Media Links

Documentary movie by NGO Vojvodjanska zelena inicijativa (Serbian)
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Other Documents

Let's save Kragujevac! Scenes from the protest against the foundry in Kragujevac
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Hazardous cloud spreading above Kragujevac One of the multiple episodes of air pollution originated from the foundry
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Meta Information
ContributorJovanka Spiric, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)gmail.com
Last update26/06/2014