Last update:
2018-01-15

Expansion of coconut plantations threatens the Tremembé indogenous people, Brazil

Coconut plantations, irrigation projects and tourism infrastructure are threaten indigenous Tremembé in Ceará


Description:

The Tremembé are an indigenous group that inhabits Brazil’s northwest State of Ceará. In the XVI century, they occupied an area that spanned from what is nowadays the State Para to Ceará. However, today, they can only be found in four coastal municipalities of this last State. The Tremembé still maintain many of their traditions, especially the Torém dance. 

See more
Basic Data
Name of conflict:Expansion of coconut plantations threatens the Tremembé indogenous people, Brazil
Country:Brazil
State or province:Ceará
Location of conflict:Itarema
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Land acquisition conflicts
Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)
Agro-toxics
Specific commodities:Coconut
Land
Fruits and Vegetables
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

Anual production of coconut is around 12.500 ton/year (Secretaria de Agricultura e Recursos Hídricos de Itarema).

Project area:3,900
Type of populationSemi-urban
Start of the conflict:1970
Company names or state enterprises:Ducoco Agrícola S.A from Brazil - owner
Relevant government actors:Federal Public Ministry (MPF); Ceará’s Federal Court
Local Government of Itapipoca; Ceará’s State Government; Fundação Nacional do Índio (FUNAI)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Tremembé indigenous people, Comissão Pastoral da Terra (CPT)
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Landless peasants
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Religious groups
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Land occupation
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Public campaigns
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents
Potential: Malnutrition
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Corruption
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Court decision (undecided)
Violent targeting of activists
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Despite FUNAI’s recognition of the “Tremembé indigenous territory of Almofala” in 1993, Ducoco has been able to hinder its formal declaration by the Ministry of Justice and further homologation by the President of the Republic. The Tremembé are still without possession of the land.
Sources and Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

LUTA E RESISTÊNCIA DOS TREMEMBÉ DA REGIÃO DA MATA PELO SEU TERRITÓRIO
[click to view]

OS CIRCUITOS ESPACIAIS DA PRODUÇÃO DE COCO NO LITORAL OESTE DO CEARÁ
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

CE - Apropriação da zona costeira, pelo agronegócio e o turismo internacional, coloca em risco terras tradicionais dos povos Tremembé
[click to view]

Terra Indígena Tremembé de Queimadas
[click to view]

Mobilização política e situação jurídica da terra
[click to view]

Wikinativa/Tremembé
[click to view]

Água de coco faz carreira de sucesso no exterior
[click to view]

AGRONEGÓCIO DO COCO E DISPUTAS POR TERRA: a Ducoco em território Tremembé (Itarema/CE)
[click to view]

Other documents

Coconut plantation, Ceará
[click to view]

Ducoco
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:ENVJustice Project
Last update15/01/2018
Comments
Legal notice / Aviso legal
We use cookies for statistical purposes and to improve our services. By clicking "Accept cookies" you consent to place cookies when visiting the website. For more information, and to find out how to change the configuration of cookies, please read our cookie policy. Utilizamos cookies para realizar el análisis de la navegación de los usuarios y mejorar nuestros servicios. Al pulsar "Accept cookies" consiente dichas cookies. Puede obtener más información, o bien conocer cómo cambiar la configuración, pulsando en más información.