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Air pollution from brick factory 'SPREMO', Serbia

The brick factory in Gornja Rogatica village was using animal carcasses as a process fuel which provoked reaction by local community and activists that managed to close it in 2012.


'Ciglana SPREMO' DOO is a factory for manufacturing of bricks from clay located in a village of Gornja Rogatica in the northern Serbia.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Air pollution from brick factory 'SPREMO', Serbia
Location of conflict:Gornja Rogatica
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Manufacturing activities
Specific commodities:Bricks
Manufactured Products
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

Type of populationRural
Affected Population:477
Start of the conflict:2011
End of the conflict:2012
Company names or state enterprises:‘CIGLANA SPREMO’ DOO from Serbia - The polluter
Relevant government actors:The Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental Protection of Republic of Serbia; The Provincial Secretariat for Architecture, Spatial Planning and Environmental Protection; The Inspectorate for Environmental Protection
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Ekolosko udruzenje ‘Hrast’; NGO Vojvodjanska zelena inicijativa:
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Forms of mobilization:Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Waste overflow
Potential: Soil contamination, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Other Health impacts
Other Health impactsNausea and vomiting
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Application of existing regulations
Project cancelled
Factory closure
Development of alternatives:The NGO activists and villagers demanded that the factory stop using the animal carcasses as production fuel, as well as to clean the uncontrolled dump site.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The factory closure prevented further air pollution. However, there is no information if the uncontrolled dump site -containing animal waste originated from the factory- was properly cleaned.
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Zakon o upravljanju otpadom (Sl. Glasnik RS. Br 36/2009 i 88/2010)
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Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Vanredni inspekcijski nadzor na osnovu predstavke građana u postrojenju za pečenje građ. opeke u Gornjoj Rogatici, Bačka Topola (Inspectorate for Environmental Protection)
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Peku ciglu na lesevima zivotinja
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Morbidno: Peku ciglu leševima životinja!
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Zelena patrola
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Cigle od crkotina
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Inspekcijski nadzor u ''CIGLANI SPREMO'' doo, Feketić sproveden na osnovu prijave građana (Inspectorate for Environmental Protection)
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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Gornja Rogatica - Vlast zatvara oči pred velikim problemom.wmv (documentary by Vojvodjanska zelena inicijativa 2012)
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S04E11 Gornja Rogatica - Malo mesto sa velikim problemima - Šta je bilo posle...(documentary by Vojvodjanska zelena inicijativa 2013)
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Zelena patrola na delu - S02E03 - Gornja Rogatica - malo mesto sa velikim problemima (documentary by Vojvodjanska zelena inicijativa 2011)
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Other documents

Uncontrolled dump site in Gornja Rogatica The picture shows the NGOs activists in a visit to the uncontrolled dump site in Gornja Rogatica
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Meta information
Contributor:Jovanka Spiric, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)
Last update25/04/2016
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