The first nuclear power plant (NPP) of Turkey will be constructed in Akkuyu locality situated within Buyukeceli towns borders in Mersin Provinces Gulnar District. The license of the NPP was obtained 36 years ago. The construction work of the NPP has been commissioned to Rosatom, a Russian state-owned company, through a direct intergovernmental agreement and without a tender process. The NPP is not wanted by two-thirds of the Turkish population and 80% of the people living in Mersin. Especially after the Fukushima accident, the project leads to preoccupation due to high risks and the regions proximity to earthquake fault lines. Additionally, due to the high cost of nuclear energy, long construction time, fuel import dependence and the close association of nuclear proliferation, the opposition to nuclear energy is increasing. The existence of anti-nuclear movement since 1976 in Turkey that is especially strong in the last 20 years deepens the conflict and leads to intense opposition and protests throughout the country. The conflict is further incited because of the present governments determined and persistent attitude to construct the NPP. The latest earthquake and tsunami disasters in Japan seem to have not changed the position of the Turkish government in this regard, as evidenced by the Turkish Prime Ministers comparison of the intensity of a nuclear disaster to that of a butane gas cylinder accident in the kitchen.