Algarve Livre de Petróleo, Portugal

Oil and gas exploration on Southern coast trigger opposition among local population, small entrepreneurs whose income depends on tourism and small business. The government seems deaf to their claims but can't ignore the anti-extraction coalition


Several companies are currently planning to explore for gas and oil in the Algarve, either onshore and offshore (Gulf of Algarve and Gulf of Alentejo). Several contracts to explore, drill and produce petroleum were already granted.

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Basic Data
NameAlgarve Livre de Petróleo, Portugal
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Specific CommoditiesCrude oil
Natural Gas
Project Details and Actors
Type of PopulationUnknown
Start Date01/03/2015
Company Names or State EnterprisesRepsol from Spain
PARTEX OIL AND GAS from Portugal
Galp from Portugal
Ente Nazionale Idrocarburi (Eni) from Italy
Relevant government actorsGoverno de Portugal (

Entidade Nacional para o Mercado de Combustíveis (
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersPlataforma Algarve Livre de Petróleo (, an umbrella organization including environmentalists and others entities
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginLATENT (no visible resistance)
Groups MobilizingLocal government/political parties
Social movements
Trade unions
Recreational users
Local businesses
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationArtistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Noise pollution, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Oil spills, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Other Environmental impacts
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Other environmental related diseases, Other Health impacts, Accidents
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Other socio-economic impacts
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseStrengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Development of Alternatives Tourism based economy and small business
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.The companies are currently doing research on the area to discover the amount of gas and oil that could be extracted.
Sources and Materials

Decreto-lei 109/94
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Dúvidas sobre exploração de petróleo no Algarve marcam debate na Fuzeta
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Primeiro ministro diz que prospeção de gás e petróleo no Algarve é para continuar (com vídeo)
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Deputados algarvios do PSD apontam «contradições» do Governo na prospeção de Petróleo
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Algarve teme vir a ser uma “janela” com vista para as plataformas petrolíferas
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Alerta vermelho no Algarve: operação de sondagem de gás e petróleo alarma surfistas
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Heloísa Apolónia pede a Portas que assuma "geringonça" do caso Banif
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PCP quer renegociação de contratos de concessão da exploração de petróleo
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AMAL pretende reverter exploração petrolífera no Algarve
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Entidade Nacional para o Mercado de Combustíveis contesta munícipios do Algarve
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Há Petróleo em Portugal?
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Media Links

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Petroleum in Algarve [Video]
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Petróleo no Algarve [Video]
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The Last Beach [Video]
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Other Documents

Onshore - Algarve
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Concessões em Portugal
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Lotes Disponiveis para Concessionar
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Algarve Livre De Petróleo
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Outdoor - Para Quê Criar Mau Ambiente
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Plataforma Algarve Livre de Petróleo
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Meta Information
Last update23/08/2016