Last update:
2015-11-19

Allain Duhangan Hydropower project, India

A first class candidate to CDM credits for India, the hydro scheme developed with Norwegian funds, WB and IFC causes opposition for disrupting local economies and water sources. But with little displacement, thus no compensation measures at sight.


Description:

Allain Duhangan Hydroelectric Project (ADHP) was proposed by AD Hydro Power Ltd. (ADPL); it is a run-of-the-river 192 MW hydro power project at the confluence of Allain & Duhangan rivulets at Prini village (closed to Manali and Jagatsukh towns) of Kullu district in Himachal Pradesh state of India. The area is very well known for prosperous agriculture (especially apple orchards) and touristic attractions, including trekking and skying facilities.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Allain Duhangan Hydropower project, India
Country:India
State or province:Kullu district, Himachal Pradesh
Location of conflict:Prini village (closed to Manali town)
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Water Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Dams and water distribution conflicts
Land acquisition conflicts
REDD/CDM
Specific commodities:Electricity
Land
Water
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Generation capacity: 192MW

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Level of Investment:192,000,000
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:2008
Company names or state enterprises:Allain Duhangan Power Company Limited from India - Allain Duhangan Power Company Limited (ADPCL) is jointly owned by Rajasthan Spinning & Weaving Mills Limited (RSWM), HEG Limited (HEG) and Malana Power Company Limited (MPCL). These sponsor companies are part of the LNJ Bhilwara (LNJ) group having a 45% stake in the project. The IFC (International Finance Corporation) owns 12% and has contributed around $45m to the project, while SN Power has a 43% indirect ownership. [4]
Bhilwara Energy Limited from India - The Allain Duhangan Hydro Project Limited (ADHPL) is a subsidiary of Malana Power Company Limited, a joint venture between Bhilwara Energy Limited and Norway’s SN Power.
Malana Power Company Limited from India - The Allain Duhangan Hydro Project Limited (ADHPL) is a subsidiary of Malana Power Company Limited, a joint venture between Bhilwara Energy Limited and Norway’s SN Power.
AECOM from Canada - Consultancy service
Rajasthan Spinning & Weaving Mills Limited from India - Allain Duhangan Power Company Limited (ADPCL) is jointly owned by Rajasthan Spinning & Weaving Mills Limited (RSWM), HEG Limited (HEG) and Malana Power Company Limited (MPCL).
Sn Power from Norway
Relevant government actors:Himachal Pradesh State Electricity Board (HPSEB)
International and Finance InstitutionsItalian Carbon Fund from Italy
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change/CDM (UNFCC)
Clean Development Mechanism Executive Board (CDM Executive Board)
Power Finance Corporation (PFC) from India
Corporación financiera Internacional (CFI)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Kalpavriksh, SANDRP, International Rivers
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
International ejos
Local ejos
Social movements
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming
Health ImpactsVisible: Accidents, Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Specific impacts on women
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Migration/displacement
Development of alternatives:SANDRP, together with many other EJOs, advocates for a comprehensive review of hydropower plans in the Himalayas, arguing the current programs by the state are not sustainable and might lead to more disasters as the one witnessed in June 2013 [10].
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Despite all criticism regarding the impacts and the CDM related uncertainties, the plant has been constructed and is currently operating.
Sources and Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

SANDRP, Comments on the ESIA of The Proposed Allain Duhangan HEP in Kulu district in HP
[click to view]

[3] Mountains of Concrete
[click to view]

[8] Comments on the ESIA of The Proposed Allain Duhangan HEP
[click to view]

Environmental and Social Impact Assessment: 192 MW Hydroelectric Power Project, Tehsil Manali, District Kullu, Himachal Pradesh
[click to view]

Environmental & Social Management and Monitoring Plan
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[4] Power-technology.com
[click to view]

[5] SN Power
[click to view]

[9] SANDRP, The 75 million dollar fraud
[click to view]

[1] Carbon Finance Unit
[click to view]

[2] Damming a Global Heritage
[click to view]

[6] Complain letter from local affected peoples' representatives to the IFC Ombudsman
[click to view]

[7] Affected People to World Bank Regarding Allain Duhangan Hydro Project
[click to view]

[10] EJOLT blog, Supreme Court of India slams the building of megadams
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Video on AECOM for the Canadian Consulting Engineering Awards
[click to view]

Other documents

View on the plant Source: SN Power
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Daniela Del Bene, ICTA - UAB (d.delbene-at-gmail.com)
Last update19/11/2015
Comments
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