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Amarapura Urban Development Project (Shankalay Kyun island), Myanmar

The Amarapura Urban Development Project is a development plan for the Shankalay Kyun island, where a Myanmar traditional village is located. The project will build hotels, shopping malls, and apartment buildings but will displace the original population.


Shankalay Kyun is a small village located on an island south-west of Mandalay and close to the touristy U Bein bridge in Amarapura. Despite being located only six kilometres south of Mandalay, the second largest city in Myanmar, the village has kept some of the traditional lifestyles and the main occupations are fishing and agriculture. Its artisans are well-known for their woodcarving, and many tourists stop on their way to the U Bein bridge to visit the artists. 

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Amarapura Urban Development Project (Shankalay Kyun island), Myanmar
State or province:Mandalay
Location of conflict:Shankalay Kyun island
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Urban development conflicts
Specific commodities:Urban development
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Area claimed: 2000 acres (809 hectares)

Project area:809
Level of Investment:375,000,000
Type of populationSemi-urban
Start of the conflict:01/03/2016
Company names or state enterprises:Mandalay Business Capital City Development (MBCCD) from Myanmar - Developer
Relevant government actors:Mandalay regional government
Mandalay City Development Committee
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Green Activities (local NGO),
Toward Ecological Recovery and Regional Alliance (TERRA
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageLATENT (no visible resistance)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Social movements
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Other Environmental impacts
Other Environmental impactsThe project will probably affect the hydrology and the ecosystems in the Irrawaddy river.
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Other socio-economic impacts
Other socio-economic impactsCommunities living in Shankalay will be displaced. They will also lose their lifestyle since they won't be able to fish, cultivate or do handicrafts anymore.
Project StatusUnder construction
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The government and the company have promised compensations and many villagers don't want their livelihoods to change.
Sources & Materials
Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[2] Amarapura urban plan developer gets 20 acres of land for office, The Myanmar Times, June 07, 2017
[click to view]

[3] New City On The Way- Amarapura urban development plan to be released. The Republic of the Union of Myanmar. Ministry of Information
[click to view]

[1] Urban development project commences upon approval. The Myanmar Times, Dec 12, 2017
[click to view]

[4] Irrawaddy River Urban Project Gets Green Light, The Irrawaddy, June 8, 2017
[click to view]

Other documents

Amarapura urban development project Source:
[click to view]

Amarapura urban development project Source:
[click to view]

Amarapura urban development project Source:
[click to view]

Amarapura urban development project Source:
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Laura Villadiego, Carro de Combate, [email protected]
Last update03/05/2018
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