Amarapura Urban Development Project (Shankalay Kyun island), Myanmar

The Amarapura Urban Development Project is a development plan for the Shankalay Kyun island, where a Myanmar traditional village is located. The project will build hotels, shopping malls, and apartment buildings but will displace the original population.


Description

Shankalay Kyun is a small village located on an island south-west of Mandalay and close to the touristy U Bein bridge in Amarapura. Despite being located only six kilometres south of Mandalay, the second largest city in Myanmar, the village has kept some of the traditional lifestyles and the main occupations are fishing and agriculture. Its artisans are well-known for their woodcarving, and many tourists stop on their way to the U Bein bridge to visit the artists. 

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Basic Data
NameAmarapura Urban Development Project (Shankalay Kyun island), Myanmar
CountryMyanmar
ProvinceMandalay
SiteShankalay Kyun island
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Urban development conflicts
Specific CommoditiesLand
Urban development
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsArea claimed: 2000 acres (809 hectares)
Project Area (in hectares)809
Level of Investment (in USD)375,000,000
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Start Date01/03/2016
Company Names or State EnterprisesMandalay Business Capital City Development (MBCCD) from Myanmar - Developer
Relevant government actorsMandalay regional government

Mandalay City Development Committee
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersGreen Activities (local NGO),

Toward Ecological Recovery and Regional Alliance (TERRA http://terraper.org/web/en)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginLATENT (no visible resistance)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Other Environmental impacts
OtherThe project will probably affect the hydrology and the ecosystems in the Irrawaddy river.
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Other socio-economic impacts
OtherCommunities living in Shankalay will be displaced. They will also lose their lifestyle since they won't be able to fish, cultivate or do handicrafts anymore.
Outcome
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.The government and the company have promised compensations and many villagers don't want their livelihoods to change.
Sources and Materials
Links

[2] Amarapura urban plan developer gets 20 acres of land for office, The Myanmar Times, June 07, 2017
[click to view]

[3] New City On The Way- Amarapura urban development plan to be released. The Republic of the Union of Myanmar. Ministry of Information
[click to view]

[1] Urban development project commences upon approval. The Myanmar Times, Dec 12, 2017
[click to view]

[4] Irrawaddy River Urban Project Gets Green Light, The Irrawaddy, June 8, 2017
[click to view]

Other Documents

Amarapura urban development project Source: http://www.moi.gov.mm/moi:eng/?q=news/4/03/2016/id-6588
[click to view]

Amarapura urban development project Source: http://spiralarchitectsmyanmar.com/projectdetailnext/35
[click to view]

Amarapura urban development project Source: http://spiralarchitectsmyanmar.com/projectdetailnext/35
[click to view]

Amarapura urban development project Source: http://spiralarchitectsmyanmar.com/projectdetailnext/35
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorLaura Villadiego, Carro de Combate, [email protected]
Last update03/05/2018
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