Last update:
2014-08-28

Amayapampa and Capasirca's masacre, Bolivia

Description:

En diciembre de 1996 se produjo la masacre de Amayapampa y Capasirca, en el norte de Potosí. Convencidos de que la explotacion capitalista de las minas solo deja socavones vacios, contaminacion ambiental y tierras y rios envenenados con mercurio, las comunidades indigenas quechuas de Bolivia conminaron a la transnacional canadiense Vista Gold Corporation para que abandone la zona y olvide sus intentos de hacerse con la explotación de oro de la mina Amayapampa.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Amayapampa and Capasirca's masacre, Bolivia
Country:Bolivia
State or province:Potosi
Location of conflict:Amayapampa
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Mineral ore exploration
Water access rights and entitlements
Tailings from mines
Specific commodities:
Gold
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Mina a cielo abierto Reservas 1.1 millones de onzas de oro

Level of Investment:35000000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:1200
Start of the conflict:1996
Company names or state enterprises:Vista Gold Corp. from Australia
Republic Gold Limited from Australia
Corporacion Minera de Bolivia (COMIBOL) from Bolivia
Relevant government actors:Gobierno Nacional de Bolivia
International and Finance InstitutionsInter-American Commission on Human Rights
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Indigenous inhabitants
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Land occupation
Media based activism/alternative media
Street protest/marches
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Mine tailing spills
Potential: Waste overflow, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsVisible: Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Criminalization of activists
Deaths, Assassinations, Murders
Repression
Strengthening of participation
Violent targeting of activists
Project cancelled
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:El proyecto estuvo parado muchos años debido a la expulsion de la empresa
minera Vista Gold, aun cuando se ha pretendido reabrir la produccion desde 2008.
Sources and Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Nuñez, Rene y Jungwirth C, Oro y sangre de Amayapampa y Capasirca,
[click to view]

Web, Constituyente Soberana (Bolivia), Por contaminacion y explotacion, indigenas expulsan a la transnacional Vista Gold, 13.05.2009

Blog, Bolivia Minera, Gobierno busca el control de Ayamapampa,

Tarcaya, F, El proceso historico de la Masacre de Navidad,

de capasirca&hl=es&sa=&Xei=xZ7HT9juA4mGgwe4qOnxDQ&ved=0CC4Q6AEwADgK
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

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Meta information
Contributor:Joan Martinez Alier & Pato Chavez
Last update28/08/2014
Comments
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