Amritsar- Delhi-Kolkata Industrial Corridor, India

ADKIC set to grab land, land use changes, loss of livelihood, unemployment, and larger resource grab from commons. Growing inequality and distress as per the corporate agenda. Blooming threat to democratic rights of people in states covered by ADKIC.


The  Amritsar- Delhi- Kolkata Industrial Corridor (AKDIC)  is a gigantic project aimed at developing an Industrial Zone spanning across seven states in India. It has been approved as of 20 January 2014 by the Government of India to boost manufacturing sector and agro-processing plants in the country. The Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor (EDFC) (backbone railway of the Amritsar Kolkata Industrial Development Corridor) will extend from Ludhiana in Punjab to Dankuri near Kolkata. The AKDIC will spread across 20 cities which will include the Indian States of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal. The cities to be covered are  Amritsar, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Ambala, Saharanpur, Delhi, Roorkee, Moradabad, Bareilly, Aligarh, Kanpur, Lucknow, Allahbad, Varanasi, Patna, Hazaribagh, Dhanbad, Asansol, Durgapur and Kolkata.

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Basic Data
NameAmritsar- Delhi-Kolkata Industrial Corridor, India
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Building materials extraction (quarries, sand, gravel)
Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Coal extraction and processing
Oil and gas refining
Thermal power plants
Mega-project solar plants
Dams and water distribution conflicts
Water access rights and entitlements
Interbasin water transfers/transboundary water conflicts
Urban development conflicts
Ports and airport projects
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Wetlands and coastal zone management
Other industries
Specific CommoditiesLand
Manufactured Products
Project Details and Actors

Length: 1840 Kms

Influence Area: 5.5 lakh Sq. Kms

07 States – Punjab, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, and West Bengal

20 Cities – Amritsar, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Ambala, Saharanpur, Delhi, Roorkee, Moradabad, Bareilly, Aligarh, Kanpur, Lucknow, Allahabad, Varanasi, Patna, Hazaribagh, Dhanbad, Asansol, Durgapur, and Kolkata

Nodes: The development of ADKIC will be taken up in a band of 150-200 Kms on either side of EDFC, in a phased manner. In the first phase, State could promote at least one cluster of min. 10 Sq. Kms (1000 ha.) area to be called as Integrated Manufacturing Cluster (IMC), in which 40% area would be earmarked permanently for manufacturing and processing activities.

Funding Agency: World Bank - $2075 million (for EDFC Phase I and II); Indian Central Govt. (49%) and State Govts. Maximum financial commitment of about Rs. 5749 Crores, extended over 15 years, by way of budgetary support by the Central Government.

Current Status: Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor Development Corpn. Ltd. (DMICDC) has been entrusted with the work of undertaking the feasibility study of AKIC as the nodal agency. DMICDC has since identified and appointed M/s LEA Associates South Asia Pvt. Ltd. as Consultant for preparation of Perspective Plan for AKIC Project. The consultant has submitted the interim Report, which has been discussed with the stakeholders.

Additional Info: In the first phase, an estimated maximum financial commitment of about Rs. 5749 crores, (for seven IMCs each of 10 Sq. Kms (1000 ha.)) phased over 15 years, by way of budgetary support by the Central Government, is proposed.

This would include support for:

1. Interest subvention (4% over a period of 15 years proposed on loans that may be taken by State Government for land acquisition, subject to a ceiling of Rs. 20 Crores per cluster per annum) – will be available within one year of grant of In-principle approval for clusters. – Rs. 2100 Crores

2. Development of trunk infrastructure – Rs. 3500 Crores (Rs. 40 lakhs per hectare with Rs. 10 lakhs per hectare for timely completion)

3. Initial grant to ADKICDC for Project Development – Rs. 100 Crores

4. IMG has recommended a two stage approval mechanism, an “in-principle” and “final approval”. “Final Approval” for clusters will only be considered after SPV obtains possession of at least 75% of the land for cluster.

5. Infrastructure: Connectivity to be provided by – Railway, Inland Waterway, MoRT&H

6. Power – State Govt. to facilitate with full creation of captive power plants by private players with full authority for generation, transmission & distribution; & allow open access to units as per regulations of SERC.

7. Water – State Govt. to allocate Surface water from viable sources for IMC. IMC to be enabled to have / own facilities for tapping / extraction, treatment and distribution

Connectivity: Aligned on Eastern dedicated freight corridor (150 - 200 Kms both side)

1) Inland Waterways : Allahabad to Haldi NW 1 on Ganga River [Declared] – Haldia (Sagar) – Farakka (560 Kms); Farakka – Patna (460 Kms); Patna – Allahabad (600 Kms). 10 Proposed Junctions Allahabad; Varanasi; Chunar; Patna; Bhagalpur; Karagola; Farakka; Pakur; Kolkata; and Haldia.

2) Proposed Inland: 40 Proposed Inland Waterways Projects

International Airports : Amritsar; Delhi; Lucknow; Varanasi; and Kolkata [Active]

3) Domestic Airports : Ludhiana; Chandigarh; Kanpur; Patna; Behla; Varanasi; Gorakhpur; and Panagiri. [Active]

4) Proposed Airports : Mathura International Airport; Taj International Airport; Datia Madhya Pradesh [Greenfield]; Durgapur, West Bengal [Greenfield]; Kushingar Uttar Pradesh

5) Ports: Kolkata; Sagar; and Haldia

6) Highways : NH 2 (Delhi – Kolkata) [Comes under Golden Quadrilateral; NH 2 is four lane and six lane work under progress].

7) Proposed Metro Transport Network :Chandigarh; Delhi; Kanpur; Lucknow; Patna; Kolkata

8) Dams: Narora; Rihand; Bokaro; Panchet; Konar; Talaiya

9) Hydro Power Plants : Bhakra Nangal, Bilaspur, UP (1325 MW), Obra, Sonbhardra, UP (1288 MW), Rihand, Sonbhardra, UP (3000 MW)

10) Thermal Power Plant : Bathinda, Punjab (460 MW) , Panipat, Haryana (1360 MW) ,Badarpur, Delhi (705 MW) , Dadri ,Gautam Buddh Nagar, UP (817 MW) , Faridabad, Haryana ( 55 MW), Harduaganj Aligarh, UP (665 MW), Dibiyapur Auriya, UP (652 MW) , Panki Kanpur, UP (220 MW) , Rosa Shahjahanpur, UP (1200 MW), Vidyutnagar Sonbhadra, UP (1500 MW), Unchahar Raebareili, UP (1050 MW) , Obra Sonbhadra, UP (1288 MW) , Anpara Sonbhadra, UP (1630 MW) , Barauni Begusarai, Bihar (220 MW) , Farakka Mushidabad, West Bengal (2100 MW), Suri Birbhum, WB (1050 MW) , Durgapur Burdwan, WB (350 MW) ,Hoogly Bandel, WB (450 MW) , Mecheda Medinipur, WB (1260 MW), Puruliya Puruliya, WB (980 MW)

11) Nuclear Reactor : Narora - River Ganga will be the source of water.
Level of Investment (in USD)More than $2075,000,000
Type of PopulationUnknown
Potential Affected PopulationUnknown
Start Date01/01/2013
Relevant government actorsGovt. of India, HUDCO, State Govts., Ministry of Railways
International and Financial InstitutionsThe World Bank (WB) from United States of America
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersCorridor Virodhi Sangharsh Abhiyan, National Alliance of Peoples' Movements, Narmada Bachao Andolan, Paryavaran Suraksha Samiti, Sarvahara Jan Andolan, ICAN, INSAF, Ghar Bachao Ghar Banao Andolan, Gujarat Khedut Samaj, Jagatikaran Virodhi Kruti Samiti, Gujarat Sarvodya Mandal, Kisan Sangharsh Samiti, Jan Sangharsh Vahini
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Industrial workers
Informal workers
Landless peasants
Social movements
Trade unions
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Local scientists/professionals
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Air pollution, Global warming, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsVisible: Accidents, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Potential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Specific impacts on women
OtherRise in economic inequality, Caste conflict
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseMigration/displacement
Do you consider this as a success?No
Sources and Materials

Start work on industrial corridor, say industrialists
[click to view]

Maps of India
[click to view]

Business Standard, September 18, 2013 - Amritsar-Delhi-Kolkata industrial corridor to benefit 20 cities: Panel
[click to view]

Other Documents

Map of the ADKIC project
[click to view]

Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor tracks Source: Wikipedia
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorHimshi Singh & Amit Kumar, National Alliance of Peoples' Movements
Last update29/04/2017