Antipollution protests against solar panel manufacturers, Quanzhou, Fujian, China

More than a thousand of local residents protested since December 2015 against a solar panel manufacturer near their residential area in Quanzhou City, Fujian Province.


Since 14 December 2015, more than a thousand local residents protested against the settlement of a solar panel manufacturer near their residential area in Shoudou and Xiadian Community, Quanzhou City, Fujian Province. The demonstrators included the elderly and women, who gathered to block the street to protest for three days, until the Wednesday night 16 December 2015 when the police dispersed the crowd by force. Subsequently, many residents were wounded by a large number of anti-riot police and nearly twenty people were detained. The main  concern to the local residents was the potential pollution and radiation from the planned solar cell plant, and residents were not consulted during the environmental impact assessment of the project. It was reflected that they sent petition letters to the government, but without any responses. Thus, the purpose of the demonstration is to render the administrative authorities to respect the public opinion and to stop the project. [1]

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Basic Data
NameAntipollution protests against solar panel manufacturers, Quanzhou, Fujian, China
SiteShoudou and Xiadian community, Changtai Street, Licheng District, Quanzhou City
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mega-project solar plants
Manufacturing activities
Specific CommoditiesCopper indium gallium selenide solar cells
Chemical products
Carbon offsets
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsApollo Precision (Fujian) Ltd. distributes equipments and turnkey production line for the manufacturing of silicon based thin film solar photovoltaic modules. The company is based in China. Apollo Precision (Fujian) Ltd. operates as a subsidiary of Apollo Solar Energy Technology Holdings Limited.

Annual production capacity in Quanzhou is 250 MW.

Registered investment: 22,387,179.68 USD

Acquisition investment: 619,428,916.75 USD

Registered capital increased to 24,169,184.3 USD


Total profit: 805,329,607.25 USD

Total assets: 1,125,1201,812.69 USD

Subordinate companies: Hanergy Thin Film Power Group Limited

Address: NO.19, Chifeng Road, Jiangnan National Hi-Tech Industrial Park, Licheng District, Quanzhou City , Fujian Province, 362005 China

Figures and Facts:

-2008 Established

-2009 Apollo Precision (Fujian) Ltd. was acquired by RBI Holdings. And changed its name to Apollo Solar Energy Technology Holdings Limited.

-2012 Start the solar photovoltaic business.

-2013 Rename to Hanergy Thin Film Power Group Limited.


Company Business: solar cell equipment research and development, manufacturing and sales, solar cell equipment control software development.

Apollo Precision (Fujian) Ltd. was identified as "high-tech enterprises".
Project Area (in hectares)300
Level of Investment (in USD)223,990,320
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Populationmore than 2,000
Start Date2015
Company Names or State EnterprisesApollo Precision (Fujian) Ltd. from China
Hanergy Thin Film Power Group Limited (Hanergy TFP) from China
Apollo Solar Energy Technology Holdings Limited.
Hanergy Holding Group Ltd. (Hanergy) from China
Relevant government actors-Government of Licheng District

-Government of Quanzhou City

-The police official of Xiadian community.

-Quanzhou Environmental Protection Bureau

-Environmental Protection Bureau of Licheng District
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersMore than a thousand local residents protested
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Objections to the EIA
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil erosion, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil contamination, Other Environmental impacts
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Violations of human rights
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCriminalization of activists
Violent targeting of activists
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The authorities didn't respond to the appeal of the villagers, the local media did not report the incident, online messages were massively deleted. The project is under operation.
Sources and Materials

[3] Green, Martin A., et al. "Solar cell efficiency tables (version 50)." Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications 25.7 (2017): 668-676.
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[5]CIG靶材项目将落户鲤城遭环保质疑官方一一回应-泉州网 - 泉州晚报 The respond from Licheng authorities about the environmental questioning of CIG project settle down. - Quanzhou Website- Quanzhou evening newspaper.
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[1]福建农民连日抗议化工项目遭千警镇压/Many farmers protest against the factory projects by military police crackdown in Fujian.
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[2]污染项目落址居民区 村老抗议遭千警镇压
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[6]太阳能光伏真的清洁吗?来看看“隐藏”污染/ Is the solar power can really clearn? Let's see the 'hidden' pollution.
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[8] UPDATE 1-Hanergy seeks trading resumption as parent pays down overdue cash
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[6] How clean is solar power?
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[7] China's former richest man now banned from Hong Kong's business world
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[9]新京报财讯-停牌近三年后汉能薄膜达成所有复牌条件:向香港证监会提交披露文件 千亿级扩张或规避关联交易
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Media Links

福建农民连日抗议化工项目遭千警镇压 Youtube
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Other Documents

Tense atmosphere There are lots of elderly people was suppressed by the local police.
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The police force away the slogan
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Residents protested by blocking traffic
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Elderly people are main actors in the protest
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Protest Slogan  the slogan written on the flag is "protect the environment, protect our next generations".
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田洋村要设置一家高危污染的太阳能电池的生产基地,事前未经村民同意,引起村民堵路抗议。  blockade the streets
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The protest crowds who holding the slogan
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Emergency notice about mobilization The local communities and the societies of senior citizens jointly issued an urgent announcement, saying that a large-scaled hyper toxic production project of CIGS, of which the radiation radius is about 3 km is going to locate nearby the community, while the project was rejected from Xiamen and other places in Quanzhou and forced to move to Tianyang Village. The local community should be united to push it out so as to “protect the environment, protect our next generations”.
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Thousands of police officers to disperse the demonstrators, there are many elderly people were injured, more than ten villagers were arrested. Thousands of police officers to disperse the demonstrators, there are many elderly people injured, more than ten villagers were arrested.
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ContributorEnvJustice, ICTA-UAB/ NWAFU interns
Last update30/07/2018