Antipollution protests against JinkoSolar Company, Haining, Zhejiang, China

Solar is not necessarily clean. The massive production of panels and improper management of polluting agents contaminate waters and soils. 500 local farmers and residents gathered in 2011 at the JinkoSolar plant to demand an end to the pollution


Since April 2011 the JinkoSolar plant near the industrial city of Haining failed local Environmental Protection Bureau pollution tests. A further investigation was launched in May, but problems continued. Throughout late August and early September 2011, local residents found a large quantity of dead fish in streams and rivers near the plant[1].

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Basic Data
NameAntipollution protests against JinkoSolar Company, Haining, Zhejiang, China
SiteHongxiao village, Yuanhua Township, Haining City, Jiaxing
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mega-project solar plants
Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Specific CommoditiesCarbon offsets
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsProduction capacity in Haining is 1.2 GW

Registered investment: 317,800,000 USD

Address: NO.58 Yuanxi Road, Yuanhua Industrial Park, Yuanhua Town

Haining City, 314416 China

Figures and Facts

-2006 Finance Department

-2007 Launched ingot manufacturing

-2008 Launched wafer manufacturing

-2009 Launched cell and module manfacuturing

-2010 Listed in NYSE (code :JKS)

-2011 The 6th world largest solar module maker

-2012 Sponsorship of Valencia C. F.

World First solar company passing PID free test under 85℃/85% RH

Ranked No.2 in Photon Lab Test

Rank No. 4 in the PV Sustainable Growth index published by PwC

-2013 Reaches 1.8GW production capacity

Bankable with over 58 major international banks

Ranked Top 100 Chinese Best Employers

-2014 Reaches 3.2GW production capacity

-2015 Reaches 4.0GW production capacity

334.5W 60 poly-cell module maximum output breaks world record

Over 15,000 employees globally

With 24 sales offices in 23 countries

Over 12GW of products deployed

Polycrystalline cell efficiency of 20.13%

World 3rd largest crystalline module manufacturer

Tier 1 in Bankability

1 market share in China, Italy, Chile, Mexico, Brazil & South Africa

10 yr. product guaranteed by PowerGuard

25 yr. performance guaranteed by PowerGuard
Level of Investment (in USD)317,800,000.00
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population3,000
Start Date15/09/2011
End Date20/09/2011
Company Names or State EnterprisesJinkoSolar Holding Co., Ltd. (JinkoSolar) from China
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Media based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil erosion, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Other environmental related diseases
Potential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Violations of human rights
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCriminalization of activists
Application of existing regulations
Project temporarily suspended
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.It was halted temporarily due to the protests, however, solar PV is a large industry in this area and the company continues to operate anyway, there are also many other similar companies around.
Sources and Materials

[3] JinkoSolar
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[7]惊现雷同环评报告 晶科能源“氟泄漏”疑点重重
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[8] Environental protests halt production at polluting Chinese solar panel plant
[click to view]

[2] Over 500 villagers protest China factory pollution
[click to view]

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[4] ChinaDialogue: A darker side of Chinese clean-tech
[click to view]

[5]晶科污染门引发村民抗议 光伏企业被曝污染内幕
[click to view]

[1] Chinese Protesters Accuse Solar Panel Plant of Pollution
[click to view]

Other Documents

JinkoSolar apologized
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Protest at JinkoSolar Chinese police officers (L) watch over villagers gathered in protest outside the gates to solar panel manufacturer Zhejiang Jinko Solar Co. Ltd. in Hongxiao village in Haining city
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorEnvJustice, ICTA-UAB
Last update20/02/2019