For a long time the only known plant in Slovenia to use asbestos was Salonit Anhovo, a cement-asbestos company situated on the north-western border with Italy. The plant, laying in the alpine valley, was one of the most successful and well known producers in the former Yugoslavia. It has been working since 1921 and residents of the surrounding villages can’t remember ever living without it. Since 1922 Salonit Anhovo company has been using asbestos in the production of building and other materials. Anhovo and its residents could notice the pollution easily: piles of concrete, dust, noise, distasteful fruit and vegetables were a part of their everyday life. The first information found in factory’s archives about the danger of asbestos dates from late 50s, but even though people knew asbestos was dangerous, they weren’t properly informed or aware of the danger. A lot of health problems emerged (mostly damaging the respiratory system - asbestosis, lung cancer - few thousand people suffering) and the results of a research led to conclusion that the source for this was asbestos. Consequently they have ended the model of production that involved asbestos in 1996, and affected population receives some kind of financial compensation for their medical problems. Asbestos is not in use for several years now, and also asbestos roof tops are being removed on large scale in various buildings (especially public institutions). At least 23 000 people were exposed to asbestos in Slovenia (in total 14 companies had been using it). Despite the fact that they ended with the production of asbestos products, we can expect health consequences for people for a longer period, since the use of asbestos materials and products was omnipresent.