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Ban on Onshore Fracking in Nova Scotia, Canada

A moratoria to fracking has been introduced in Nova Scotia in 2014 following citizens' protests and anti-fracking campaign since 2011


In 2008, Triangle Petroleum presented its Development Application Plan which outlined a project to explore and develop shale gas in four areas in Nova Scotia, Canada. One year before, the company had received permits to explore and extract shale gas and other petrochemicals for the 192,000 hectare Windsor Block, located mainly in East and West Hants, Nova Scotia. Triangle Petroleum wanted to exploit shale gas using horizontal drilling with high-pressure hydraulic fracturing from multi-well pads – commonly known as fracking.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Ban on Onshore Fracking in Nova Scotia, Canada
State or province:Nova Scotia
Location of conflict:Nova Scotia
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Shale gas fracking
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Triangle Petroleum's held rights to explore and extract shale gas and other petrochemicals in the 192,000 hectares Windsor Block in Nova Scotia, Canada. Their outlined project included the exploration and development of shale gas, calling for 680 wells to be developed from 2009 to 2018, the gas being destined for the Maritimes Northeast pipeline.

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Project area:192,000 hectares
Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:Around 2,600
Start of the conflict:01/01/2008
Company names or state enterprises:Triangle Petroleum Corporation from Canada
Relevant government actors:Executive Council of Nova Scotia
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Nova Scotia Fracking Resource and Action Coalition (NOFRAC):
Ecology Action Centre:
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Project StatusStopped
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:September 2014, Nova Scotia's Energy Minister Andrew Younger announced the governments plans to introduce legislation prohibiting hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”) in shale oil and gas projects in the whole province. Following through on their promise, the moratorium on high-volume hydraulic fracturing was continued on 30 September 2014, when the government introduced an amendment on Nova Scotia's Petroleum Resources Act. The law's proposes indefinite moratorium on high-volume hydraulic fracturing for onshore oil and gas from shale deposits includes an exemption that would allow fracking for testing and research purposes.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

Petroleum Resources Act of Nova Scotia

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

• Nova Scotia Fracking Resource and Action Coalition (NOFRAC), OUT OF CONTROL: Nova Scotia's Experience with Fracking for Shale Gas, April 2013,
[click to view]

• Cape Breton University; Verschuren Centre, REPORT of the NOVA SCOTIA INDEPENDENT REVIEW PANEL on HYDRAULIC FRACTURING, 28 August 2014,
[click to view]

• NOVA SCOTIA government, Final Scope: Review of Hydraulic Fracturing in oil and gas operations in Nova Scotia, June 2011,
[click to view]

• US Energy Information Administration, World Shale Gas, EIA/ARI World Shale Gas and Shale Oil Resource Assessment – CANADA, 17 May 2013,
[click to view]

• Nova Scotia Fracking Resource and Action Coalition (NOFRAC), Fracking Issue Paper #1, A Brief Issue Paper on Hydraulic Fracturing and Unconventional Gas Practices, 28 March 2012,
[click to view]

• Petroleum industry group disappointed by N.S. Fracking ban, The Canadian Press, Global News, 4 September 2014,
[click to view]

• Nova Scotia Fracking Ban To Be Indefinite, CP, by The Canadian Press, 30 September 2014,
[click to view]

• Nova Scotia to ban fracking for onshore shale gas, by Michael MacDonald, The Canadian Press, CTV News Atlantic, 3 September 2014,
[click to view]

• Fracking ban legislation introduced in Nova Scotia, The Canadian Press, CBC News – Nova Scotia, 30 September 2014,
[click to view]

• Nova Scotia fracking ban bill allows testing and research, by Michael Gorman, Herald News, 30 September 2014,
[click to view]

• Nova Scotia Enacts Two-Year Fracking Ban, NGI's Shale Daily, 23 April 2012,
[click to view]

• Fracking protest marks Halifax Earth Day, The Canadian Press, CBC News – Nova Scotia, 22 April 2011,
[click to view]

• Anti-Fracking Lake Ainslie Protest, by James Wiseman, Halifax Media Co-op (HMC), 24 September 2012,
[click to view]

Meta information
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:1756
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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