Biopalma against indigenous Tembé in the Amazon, Brazil

The indigenous Tembé denounce the mining company VALE and Biopalma, for contaminating the water sources with agrotoxics (such as endosulfan) in the new large oil palm plantations in Pará.


Since 2006, oil palm expanded over the Pará region. The company VALE  grabbed land in this region, consequently, many people was dispossessed  from their territory and forest was destroyed [3].

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Basic Data
NameBiopalma against indigenous Tembé in the Amazon, Brazil
SiteTuré Mariquita and Tekinai
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Water access rights and entitlements
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific CommoditiesWater
Palm oil
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsTheir oil palm plantations are located in the Mojú, Tomé-açu, Concóndia do Pará, Bajaiú, Iguarapé-Miri y Acará. Oil palm employs 10,900 people. In 2012, oil palm covered 140,000 hectares in Pará, and 67% of the production went to the food and cosmetics industries and 33 % to biofuels, according to a study by agronomist D’Alembert Jaccoud [6]. Biopalma produces biodiesel for Vale's locomotives, "clean energy" allegedly saving CO2 emissions. Pará is the main producer of palm oil (dende) in Brasil.

There is a palm oil extraction plant belonging to Biopalma to produce biodiesel in the municipality of Moju, 150 km from Belém, at a cost of 500 million USD for building it [7].
Project Area (in hectares)140,000
Level of Investment (in USD)500,000,000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population27,000
Start Date2006
Company Names or State EnterprisesBiopalma da Amazônia S.A (Biopalma) from Brazil
Vale (Vale) from Brazil
Relevant government actorsGobierno do Pará

Ministério Público Federal

Promotoria de Justiça, Região Agrária do Pará
International and Financial InstitutionsBanco da Amazonia (BASA) from Brazil
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersInstituto Evandro Chagas (IEC)

World Rainforest Movement (WRI)

Conselho Indigenista Missionario (CIMI)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Trade unions
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Local scientists/professionals
Religious groups
També indigenous group
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Occupation of vehicles belonging to the company
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
OtherWater contamination by endosulfan
Health ImpactsVisible: Occupational disease and accidents, Other environmental related diseases
OtherIllness from water contamination with endosulfan: blisters, or rashes on their skin, fever and vomiting, also

re-emergence of illnesses such such as Chagas disease.
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession
Potential: Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseMigration/displacement
Under negotiation
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The land grabbing and the water grabbing and polluting continues. Use of endosulfan.
Sources and Materials

[6] Oil Palm Expands on Deforested Land in Brazil’s Rainforest
[click to view]

[5] Public Ministry web. Biopalma against indigenous manidestation
[click to view]

[1] Violence against Indigenous Peoples in Brazil
[click to view]


[2] Índios Tembé apreendem carros e tratores da Biopalma contra contaminação por agrotóxicos
[click to view]

[4] Contaminação por agrotóxicos é detectada em região do Pará. The renowned Public Health Institute Evandro Chagas of Belém confirmed those accusations with the detection of agrotoxins in water sources
[click to view]

Índios apreendem veículos durante protesto contra empresa no PA
[click to view]

[[7]Biopalma inaugura primeira usina de extração de óleo de palma no Pará. Assessoria de Imprensa Biopalma 26 Jun 2012. "A Biopalma da Amazônia S.A., empresa da Vale em sociedade com o Grupo MSP, inaugura hoje a sua primeira usina extratora de palma (dendê), localizada no município de Moju, a 150 km" de Belém. "
[click to view]

Media Links

Biopalma-Vale programme of oil palm production by family farming
[click to view]

Rádio Nacional da Amazônia
[click to view]

Other Documents

Source: Verena Glass/Repórter Brasil Biopalma
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorSM (ICTA-UAB)
Last update09/10/2017