Borj Chakir Landfill, Tunisia

Since 1999, the Borj Chaker open dump has been receiving Municipal Solid Waste from all the Greater Tunis area. The constant mismanagement has left the inhabitants of surrounding villages in dire living conditions.


Description

The Jbel Borj Chakir dumpsite was created in 1999 and is considered to be the only controlled dumpsite for Tunis and the surrounding area. It spreads out on an area of around120 hectares which previously contained olive, almond and cereal plantations. Every day, the landfill receives between 2700 and 3000 Tons of waste [1]. The post-revolution decision to centralize waste management has exacerbated what was already an urgent problem [2].

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Basic Data
NameBorj Chakir Landfill, Tunisia
CountryTunisia
ProvinceTunis Governorate
SiteBorj Chakir
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Waste Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Specific CommoditiesIndustrial waste
Domestic municipal waste
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThis landfill was built in 1999 over an area of approximately 120 hectares. This is by far the largest landfill in Tunisia with a capacity of over 3,000 tons /day. This number could reach 4000 tons/day during the cleanliness campaigns. Jbel Borj Chakir is the only landfill in the Greater Tunis (governorates of Tunis, Manouba, Ariana and Ben Arous), for a population of over 3,000,000 inhabitants [8].
Project Area (in hectares)120
Level of Investment (in USD)22,000,000.00
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population50,000
Start Date2011
Company Names or State EnterprisesAgence Nationale de Gestion des Déchets (ANGED) from Tunisia - Landfill Management
Agence Municipale des Services Environnementaux (AMSE) from Tunisia - Co-managed the landfill with Groupe PIZZORINO Environnement between 2009 and 2013
Groupe PIZZORINO Environnement (GPE) from France - Co-managed the Landfill with AMSE between 2009 and 2013
Société de Construction et de Bâtiment (SOCOBAT) from Tunisia - Co-managing the landfill along with DECO Group from Italy since 2013
DECO Group from Italy - Co-Managing the landfill with SOBACO since 2013
Relevant government actorsMinistry of Agriculture and the Environment (Now Ministry of the Environment and Sustainable Development)

National Commission of Investigation on Corruption and Embezzlement (CICM)
International and Financial InstitutionsThe World Bank (WB) from United States of America
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersSOS BIAA: http://www.sosbiaa.com/EN/index.php?id_page=index.php
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Soil contamination, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Air pollution, Waste overflow
Health ImpactsVisible: Other Health impacts, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
OtherAllergies, Asthma, Respiratory Diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCorruption
Development of AlternativesSOS BIAA have set the following demands which are still awaiting execution [8]:

· The establishment of a clearly defined action plan to make the landfill conform to international standards

· The establishment of a new waste management strategy that will minimize the amount of waste sent to landfills

· The establishment of a timeline to get all the leachate on site treated and the ponds emptied in a short period of time.

· Consider quick ways to find another site to build a new landfill.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Officials are still wasting time on the issue. And with the expansion of the landfill giving it a new lease of life until 2019, no alternative plans are being assessed.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

DECHARGES CONTROLEES ET CENTRES DE TRANSFERT: CAHIERS DE CHARGES ET CALCUL COUTS D'EXPLOITATION
[click to view]

Sustainable Municipal Solid Waste Management Project - World Bank
[click to view]

References

[8] - SOS BIAA's Report
[click to view]

Links

[1] - La décharge de Borj Chakir : Mirage de la « vie décente pour tous » - Nawat, 31/03/15
[click to view]

[2] - World Bank Funds Tunisian Rubbish Dump Which Leaves Village Sick - Middle East Eye, 07/05/17
[click to view]

[9] - Landfill Continues to Pollute Nearly Three Years After Intended Closing - TunisiaLive, 17/01/16
[click to view]

[10] - Tunisia's poorest towns left to shoulder burden of hazardous toxic landfill sites - The Guardian, 13/05/14
[click to view]

[3] - Decharge de Borj Chakir : Corruption endémique et cadres institutionnels inadéquats - Nawat, 15/05/15
[click to view]

[4] - SOS BIAA's website
[click to view]

[5] - La décharge de Borj Chakir : un cataclysme écologique en cours - Nawat, 13/04/15
[click to view]

Media Links

[6] - Protest against the Landfill (1)
[click to view]

[7] - Protest against the Landfill (2)
[click to view]

Other Documents

A digger crawls over the mountain of waste at Borj Chakir (Morched Garbouj/SOS BIAA)
[click to view]

Trucks in Borj Chakir deliver waste to one of the biggest landfills in Tunisia (Morched Garbouj/SOS BIAA)
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorChristophe Maroun - ICTA
Last update12/05/2017
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