Last update:
2017-05-12

Borj Chakir Landfill, Tunisia

Since 1999, the Borj Chaker open dump has been receiving Municipal Solid Waste from all the Greater Tunis area. The constant mismanagement has left the inhabitants of surrounding villages in dire living conditions.


Description:

The Jbel Borj Chakir dumpsite was created in 1999 and is considered to be the only controlled dumpsite for Tunis and the surrounding area. It spreads out on an area of around120 hectares which previously contained olive, almond and cereal plantations. Every day, the landfill receives between 2700 and 3000 Tons of waste [1]. The post-revolution decision to centralize waste management has exacerbated what was already an urgent problem [2].

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Borj Chakir Landfill, Tunisia
Country:Tunisia
State or province:Tunis Governorate
Location of conflict:Borj Chakir
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Waste Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Specific commodities:Domestic municipal waste
Industrial waste
Project Details and Actors
Project details

This landfill was built in 1999 over an area of approximately 120 hectares. This is by far the largest landfill in Tunisia with a capacity of over 3,000 tons /day. This number could reach 4000 tons/day during the cleanliness campaigns. Jbel Borj Chakir is the only landfill in the Greater Tunis (governorates of Tunis, Manouba, Ariana and Ben Arous), for a population of over 3,000,000 inhabitants [8].

Project area:120
Level of Investment:22,000,000.00
Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:50,000
Start of the conflict:2011
Company names or state enterprises:Agence Nationale de Gestion des Déchets (ANGED) from Tunisia - Landfill Management
Agence Municipale des Services Environnementaux (AMSE) from Tunisia - Co-managed the landfill with Groupe PIZZORINO Environnement between 2009 and 2013
Groupe PIZZORINO Environnement (GPE) from France - Co-managed the Landfill with AMSE between 2009 and 2013
Société de Construction et de Bâtiment (SOCOBAT) from Tunisia - Co-managing the landfill along with DECO Group from Italy since 2013
DECO Group from Italy - Co-Managing the landfill with SOBACO since 2013
Relevant government actors:Ministry of Agriculture and the Environment (Now Ministry of the Environment and Sustainable Development)
National Commission of Investigation on Corruption and Embezzlement (CICM)
International and Finance InstitutionsThe World Bank (WB) from United States of America
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:SOS BIAA: http://www.sosbiaa.com/EN/index.php?id_page=index.php
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Soil contamination, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Air pollution, Waste overflow
Health ImpactsVisible: Other Health impacts, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Other Health impactsAllergies, Asthma, Respiratory Diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Corruption
Development of alternatives:SOS BIAA have set the following demands which are still awaiting execution [8]:
· The establishment of a clearly defined action plan to make the landfill conform to international standards
· The establishment of a new waste management strategy that will minimize the amount of waste sent to landfills
· The establishment of a timeline to get all the leachate on site treated and the ponds emptied in a short period of time.
· Consider quick ways to find another site to build a new landfill.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Officials are still wasting time on the issue. And with the expansion of the landfill giving it a new lease of life until 2019, no alternative plans are being assessed.
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Sustainable Municipal Solid Waste Management Project - World Bank
[click to view]

DECHARGES CONTROLEES ET CENTRES DE TRANSFERT: CAHIERS DE CHARGES ET CALCUL COUTS D'EXPLOITATION
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

[8] - SOS BIAA's Report
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[1] - La décharge de Borj Chakir : Mirage de la « vie décente pour tous » - Nawat, 31/03/15
[click to view]

[2] - World Bank Funds Tunisian Rubbish Dump Which Leaves Village Sick - Middle East Eye, 07/05/17
[click to view]

[9] - Landfill Continues to Pollute Nearly Three Years After Intended Closing - TunisiaLive, 17/01/16
[click to view]

[10] - Tunisia's poorest towns left to shoulder burden of hazardous toxic landfill sites - The Guardian, 13/05/14
[click to view]

[3] - Decharge de Borj Chakir : Corruption endémique et cadres institutionnels inadéquats - Nawat, 15/05/15
[click to view]

[4] - SOS BIAA's website
[click to view]

[5] - La décharge de Borj Chakir : un cataclysme écologique en cours - Nawat, 13/04/15
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

[6] - Protest against the Landfill (1)
[click to view]

[7] - Protest against the Landfill (2)
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Christophe Maroun - ICTA
Last update12/05/2017
Comments
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