Brandix India Apparel City (BIAC), AP, India


Brandix India Apparel City (BIAC), the Indian arm of Brandix from Sri Lanka, is a 1,000 acre apparel park that is recognized as a Special Economic Zone by the government of India. BIAC was inaugurated in May 2010 and developed on ‘fibre to store' concept.

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Basic Data
NameBrandix India Apparel City (BIAC), AP, India
ProvinceAndhra Pradesh
SitePudimadaka Road, Atchutapuram Mandal, Visakhapatnam,
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Specific CommoditiesWater
Chemical products
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsData from the BIAC official website [3]:

Land Area: 13.5 Acres

Factory built up space: 146,000 sq. ft.

Workforce: 3,700 Employees

Production capacity: 4.5 million pcs/month

Product: Underwear

Operation: double shift
Project Area (in hectares)405
Level of Investment (in USD)1,000,000,000 [1]
Type of PopulationRural
Company Names or State EnterprisesAndhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation (APIIC) from India
Brandix India Apparel City (Pvt) Ltd. (BIAC) from India
Brandix Lanka Limited from Sri Lanka
Relevant government actorsAndhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board (APPCB)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersAP Fishers and Fisheries Workers' Union, Human Rights Forum (HRF)

The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Development of a network/collective action
Hunger strikes and self immolation
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)
Potential: Air pollution, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Other Environmental impacts
Otherexposure to various chemicals during the manufacturing of textiles
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..)
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Ongoing conflict
Development of AlternativesMobilizers have obtained a written promise from Brandix on providing jobs, taking up welfare activities, and setting up a committee with a time-frame for submitting its report.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Brandix is still continuing to release waste into the ocean and fishermen are still protesting.
Sources and Materials

This issue is referenced in an yet to be released documentary Walls and the Tiger.
[click to view]


The Hindu coverage of the conflict
[click to view]

Business Human Rights organization
[click to view]

Times of India covering the issue in 2013
[click to view]

Uttarakhand’s Furious Himalayan Flood Could Bury India’s Hydropower Program
[click to view]

BIAC official webpage
[click to view]

[3] BIAC official webpage data
[click to view]

[1] Times of India, "Apparel City may remain a pipe dream"
[click to view]

Public hearing held amid protests
[click to view]

Media Links

[2] Brandix Promotional Video
[click to view]

Meta Information
Contributorcontributed by the team of Walls and the Tiger documentary
Last update09/10/2014