Last update:
2014-10-09

Brandix India Apparel City (BIAC), AP, India

Description:

Brandix India Apparel City (BIAC), the Indian arm of Brandix from Sri Lanka, is a 1,000 acre apparel park that is recognized as a Special Economic Zone by the government of India. BIAC was inaugurated in May 2010 and developed on ‘fibre to store' concept.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Brandix India Apparel City (BIAC), AP, India
Country:India
State or province:Andhra Pradesh
Location of conflict:Pudimadaka Road, Atchutapuram Mandal, Visakhapatnam,
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:Chemical products
Fish
Cotton
Water
Shrimps
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Data from the BIAC official website [3]:

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Project area:405
Level of Investment:1,000,000,000 [1]
Type of populationRural
Company names or state enterprises:Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation (APIIC) from India
Brandix India Apparel City (Pvt) Ltd. (BIAC) from India
Brandix Lanka Limited from Sri Lanka
Relevant government actors:Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board (APPCB)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:AP Fishers and Fisheries Workers' Union, Human Rights Forum (HRF)
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Development of a network/collective action
Strikes
Hunger strikes and self immolation
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)
Potential: Air pollution, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Other Environmental impacts
Other Environmental impactsexposure to various chemicals during the manufacturing of textiles
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..)
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Ongoing conflict
Development of alternatives:Mobilizers have obtained a written promise from Brandix on providing jobs, taking up welfare activities, and setting up a committee with a time-frame for submitting its report.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Brandix is still continuing to release waste into the ocean and fishermen are still protesting.
Sources and Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

This issue is referenced in an yet to be released documentary Walls and the Tiger.
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

The Hindu coverage of the conflict
[click to view]

Business Human Rights organization
[click to view]

Times of India covering the issue in 2013
[click to view]

Uttarakhand’s Furious Himalayan Flood Could Bury India’s Hydropower Program
[click to view]

BIAC official webpage
[click to view]

[3] BIAC official webpage data
[click to view]

[1] Times of India, "Apparel City may remain a pipe dream"
[click to view]

Public hearing held amid protests
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

[2] Brandix Promotional Video
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:contributed by the team of Walls and the Tiger documentary
Last update09/10/2014
Comments
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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