Urraca Fracking Project by BNK Petroleum en Burgos, Spain


On 11/03/2011, the Company Trofagas Hidrocarburos (now BNK Petroleum Inc.) was granted a licence for study the feasibility of a proposed fracking for a period of six years through the so-called Urraca Licence (BOE 11/03/2011).

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Basic Data
NameUrraca Fracking Project by BNK Petroleum en Burgos, Spain
SiteMedina de Pomar
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Shale gas fracking
Specific CommoditiesWater
Shale gas and oil
Crude oil
Natural Gas
Chemical products
Project Details and Actors
Project Area (in hectares) 94,815
Level of Investment (in USD)20,000,000.00
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population20,000
Start Date2011
Company Names or State EnterprisesBNK Petroleum Inc. (BKX.TO) from United States of America
Relevant government actorsJunta de Castilla y León

Ministerio de Industria, Energia y Turismo

Gobierno Vasco
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEcologistas en Acción

Greenpeace España

Amigos de la Tierra


The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingArtisanal miners
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Informal workers
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Trade unions
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationArtistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)
Objections to the EIA
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Other Environmental impacts
Potential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Global warming, Desertification/Drought, Fires, Genetic contamination, Waste overflow, Oil spills
Otherinduce earthquakes, affect Garoña Nuclear Power Plant
Health ImpactsPotential: Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Accidents, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Other environmental related diseases, Other Health impacts
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Land dispossession, Other socio-economic impacts, Specific impacts on women, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of livelihood
Otherlosses for the rural comunity and his economy
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCorruption
Criminalization of activists
Institutional changes
Land demarcation
New legislation
Application of existing regulations
Project cancelled
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Sources and Materials

Hydraulic Fracturing reports
[click to view]


Asamblea contra el fracking de la provincia de Burgos , Spain
[click to view]

Media Links

Un centenar de organizaciones de todo el mundo contra BNK Petroleum
[click to view]

Other Documents

Source: http://burgosconecta.es/2015/03/11/salen-a-informacion-publica-los-proyectos-de-exploracion-de-bnk-en-urraca/
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorAsamblea contra el Fracking de Las Merindades (Burgos), [email protected]
Last update25/09/2015