Buxa Tiger Reserve is situated in Alipurduar Sub-division of Jalpaiguri District, at the north-eastern edge of West Bengal, India. It has been declared a Tiger reserve in the year 1983 in Jalpaiguri District when it became the 15th Tiger Reserve of the Country. Since then the area has been a territory of conflicts between the government forest department and the local people inhabiting the area and excluded from the use of their natural resources. The territory is inhabited by 38 forest villages living within the limits of the park, and 49 villages living at the fringe of the park. The population is comprised of tribes such as Rava, Garo, Mechia, Modesia (Santhal), Rajbanshi, Nepali, Bhutia etc., and the majority are farmers of tea garden labours. Since the enactment of the Wildlife Protection Act (WLPA) in 1976, the restrictions on the use of natural resources have increased and the people have found themselves fighting for the reclamation of their traditional rights and the use of their natural resources for subsistence.