Cassuruba Reserve in Caravelas, Bahia, Brazil


Since 2003 environmental and research groups have been warning about the consequences of oil and natural gas exploration on the biodiversity conservation area of the Abrolhos Marine National Park. The SOS Abrolhos Coalition was funded in order to bring together several NGOs, environmental networks, social movements and research groups.

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Basic Data
NameCassuruba Reserve in Caravelas, Bahia, Brazil
SiteCaravelas e Nova Viosa
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biodiversity conservation conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Aquaculture and fisheries
Wetlands and coastal zone management
Specific Commodities
Crude oil
Natural Gas
Project Details and Actors
Project Area (in hectares)1500
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date2004
Company Names or State EnterprisesCooperativa dos Criadores de Camaro do Extremo Sul da Bahia (Coopex) from Brazil
Relevant government actorsConselho Municipal de Defesa do Meio Ambiente de Caravelas , Centro de Recursos Ambientais da Bahia , Instituto do Meio Ambiente , Camara Municipal de Caravelas, Prefeitura Municipal de Caravelas, Ministro Publico do Estado da Bahia , Conselho Estadual de Meio Ambiente da Bahia , Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservao da Biodiversidade , Bahia Pesca S/A, Secretaria de Agricultura, Irrigao e Reforma Agraria do Estado da Bahia
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersCoalizo SOS Abrolhos, Rede MangueMar
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Shellfish pickers or collectors
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Objections to the EIA
Public campaigns
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseLand demarcation
New legislation
Strengthening of participation
Application of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Project cancelled
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.The Resex was created and the shrimp farm was cancelled. There was coperation between shellfish collectors and conservationists.
Sources and Materials

Decreto: Dispe sobre a criao da Reserva Extrativista de Cassurub, nos Municpios de Caravelas, Alcobaa e Nova Viosa, no Estado da Bahia
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Cronologia dos acontecimentos recentes no Complexo dos Abrolhos.
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NICOLAU, Omar. Ambientalismo e carcinicultura: disputa de verdades e conflito social no extremo sul da Bahia.
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Abrolhos ameaado por empreendimento de carcinicultura (27/04/2006).
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AMBIENTE BRASIL. Justia federal suspende licenciamento de empreendimento de carcinicultura em Caravelas/BA. Disponvel em: Acesso em: 04 nov. 2008.
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Ativistas fazem protesto em defesa de Abrolhos na ANP em Salvador (11/02/2009).
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Meta Information
ContributorDiogo Rocha
Last update08/04/2014