Last update:
2019-11-05

Celukan Bawang Coal Power Station, North Bali, Indonesia

Residents suffer severe livelihood losses and health impacts as a result of the operations of the coal powered plant. In 2018, legal action to stop its expansion was rejected by the Supreme Court.


Description:

The first construction phase of the coal-fired power plant in Celukan Bawang Village was completed in 2015. It has since then been providing around 40% of Bali’s electricity, and was seen as a necessary investment as a response to rising energy demands [1]. Its construction was a joint effort by China Huadian Engineering Co, Ltd., Merryline International Pte. Ltd., and PT General Energy Indonesia, and the plant is owned by the last-mentioned company [2]. Already as the first construction phase – including three generators with a total capacity of 426 MW – was completed, plans for an expansion including two more 330 MW units were made [3]. 

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Celukan Bawang Coal Power Station, North Bali, Indonesia
Country:Indonesia
State or province:Bali
Location of conflict:Celukan Bawang Village, Gerokgak Sub-district, Buleleng District
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Coal extraction and processing
Thermal power plants
Specific commodities:Electricity
Coal
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The current capacity of the power station is 426 MW (3 x 142 MW) and provides for 40% of Bali's energy demand [1]. The expansion plans include two more coal-fired generators of 330 MW each, which would more than double the plant's capacity and impact. At its current capacity the facility uses approximately 5,200 tons of coal per day [2] [8].

Project area:40
Level of Investment:700,000,000 (with loan from the China Development Bank (CDB))
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:Total village population ca. 4,200. 50 residents were earlier living on the land where the plant was constructed.
Start of the conflict:2015
Company names or state enterprises:China Huadian Engineering Co., Ltd (CHEC) from China
PT General Energy Indonesia (GEI) from Indonesia
Merryline International Pte. Ltd. (MIP) from Singapore
Relevant government actors:Buleleng District Government
Bali Provincial Government
Central Indonesian Government
International and Finance InstitutionsChina Development Bank (CDB) from China
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Greenpeace Indonesia
Indonesia Legal Aid
Bali Legal Aid Foundation
Bakti Kosgoro Fishermen Group
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
International ejos
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Musicians
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Artistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Thirteen musicians released a compilation album entitled "Senandung Energi Bumi"
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Other Environmental impacts, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Global warming, Waste overflow, Noise pollution
Potential: Food insecurity (crop damage)
Other Environmental impactsDamage to corals as a result of bulk carrier traffic, the construction of a docking site and dumping of hot waste into the sea.
Health ImpactsVisible: Other environmental related diseases
Other Health impactsRespiratory problems, coughs and fevers
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Potential: Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Court decision (failure for environmental justice)
Development of alternatives:Greenpeace Indonesia urges the Buleleng District Government to "monitor air quality and conducting periodic medical checks on community surrounding the power plant", the Bali Provincial Government to "monitor the environmental degradation caused by the power plant expansion", and the Central Government to "develop a sustainable national energy plan which phases out thermal coal in favour of renewable energy" [2].
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Despite all protest, the coal-fired power plant is in operation.
Sources and Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

[2] Greenpeace (2018a). Polluting Paradise.
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Digelar di Celukan Bawang, Summer Festival Ajak Masyarakat Bali Beralih Gunakan Energi Terbarukan. Visited on 10/09/2019
[click to view]

Kalahkan Greenpeace, MA Sahkan Izin PLTU Celukan Bawang Bali. Visited on 10/09/2019
[click to view]

Greenpeace protests coal fired power plant
[click to view]

Greenpeace calls out the true cost of coal at coal industry event in Bali, Indonesia
[click to view]

[1] Mongabay (2018). Report blames coal-fired plant in Bali for pollution, loss of livelihoods
[click to view]

[3] RambuEnergy (2015). Construction of Celukan Bawang coal fired power plant in Bali completed.
[click to view]

[6] Chinadialogue (2019). Local People Challenge Coal Plant Expansion in Bali.
[click to view]

[4] Seminyak Times (2018). Greenpeace protests coal fired power plant.
[click to view]

[5] Greenpeace (2018b). Plans to expand a coal-fired power plant on Bali’s north coast threaten one of the island’s best-loved beaches and West Bali National Park.
[click to view]

[7] Tribun-Bali (2019). Digelar di Celukan Bawang, Summer Festival Ajak Masyarakat Bali Beralih Gunakan Energi Terbarukan.
[click to view]

[8] Greenpeace (2018c). Dukung Perjuangan Masyarakat, Rainbow Warrior Singgah di Celukan Bawang.
[click to view]

Detiknews (2019). Kalahkan Greenpeace, MA Sahkan Izin PLTU Celukan Bawang Bali.
[click to view]

Reuters (2018). Legal fight over Bali coal plan illuminates Indonesia energy dilemma.
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Thirteen musicians released a compilation album entitled "Senandung Energi Bumi"
[click to view]

Other documents

The Celukan Bawang Power Station Source: https://investigasi.tempo.co/warga-celukan-bawang/index_en.html
[click to view]

Source: Greenpeace. https://www.efe.com/efe/english/technology/indonesian-fishermen-join-greenpeace-in-protest-over-coal-power/50000267-3586992 Indonesian fishermen join Greenpeace in protest over coal power. April 2018
[click to view]

Source: https://seminyaktimes.com/greenpeace-protests-coal-fired-power-plant/ 2018. Greenpeace protests coal fired power plant. Greenpeace ship, Rainbow Warrior
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:ICTA-UAB (EnvJustice)
Last update05/11/2019
Comments
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