Chatrapur Thermal Power Plant, Orissa, India


Dr. Ramakrishna Prasad Power Private Limited (RKPPL) of Hyderabad is planning to set up a 120 megawatt (MW) thermal power plant in Chatrapur, in Ganjam district of Orissa. The plant will be established with an initial investment of Rs. 600 crore. RKPPPL has obtained necessary clearance from Government of Orissa and applied to the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) of Central government to obtain compulsory environment clearance.

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Basic Data
NameChatrapur Thermal Power Plant, Orissa, India
SiteVillage- Sri Ramchandrapur, Chattrapur Mandal; District- Ganjam
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Thermal power plants
Specific CommoditiesLand
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsDr. Ramakrishna Prasad Power Private Limited (RKPPL) of Hyderabad is the executor of the project. The proposed coal-based thermal power plant would be established near Sri Ramchandrapur village of Chattrapur block in Ganjam District. For the purpose of the project, land acquisition has been completed and has applied for the MoEF Approval. According to RKPPL source, about 85.78 acres of land will be required for the project. Out of it 74.2 acres are government land and rest is private land. Construction of the proposed plant will start in 2014 and complete in 2018. The company claims that this thermal power plant would be less polluting because it would use modern technology and imported coal. The imported coal it proposed to be used by this power plant would have six per cent ash in comparison to Indian coal which has 40 per cent ash, the company authorities claimed. It will import 1,500 tons of coal from Indonesia every day. The company will engage 70 technical staff and around 200 unskilled workers. The plant will come up on 88 acres of wasteland.

Gopalpur port is at its final stages of completion will be an all-weather port and would provide scope for import of coal for this thermal power plant. This power plant would need around 200 cubic meters of water every day. It has been decided to use ground water for the purpose. The plant will evacuate the power generated by it through 132 KV power transmission line of Odisha’s GRIDCO. Around 30 MW of its power will be given to Orissa government the rest power company will be sell to others. This project is expected to solve power problem in Ganjam district and other parts of South Orissa [1, 3, 4,5].
Project Area (in hectares)34.71
Level of Investment (in USD)$98,188,747.09 (Rs. 600 crore)
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date10/01/2014
Company Names or State EnterprisesDr. Ramakrishna Prasad Power Private Limited - Owner of the Project
Relevant government actorsGovernment of Orissa

Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India

Orissa State Pollution Control Board

Environmental justice organisations and other supportersJan Surakshya Manch (JSM)

Lokshakti Abhiyan

All India Khet Mazdoor Sabha (AIKMS)

The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Local government/political parties
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Development of a network/collective action
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Global warming
Potential: Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Other Environmental impacts, Air pollution, Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Land dispossession
Potential: Violations of human rights, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Strengthening of participation
Application of existing regulations
Development of AlternativesA few of the villagers are not willing to give up their land. However, the willing population who are in favour of the project demanded that the plant should utilise the water through the desalination process instead of a deep bore well [3]
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Among the total 19 villages under the project area of Chamakhandi panchayat, the people of two villages namely Narayanpur and Hariapalli are opposing the project. According to them there are already several industrial units which had acquired land in and around the area had promised a lot for the development of the area. However none of their earlier promised have ever fulfilled. Hence they do not much rely on the promises given by the company.
Sources and Materials

Orissa Resettlement And Rehabilitation Policy - 2006
[click to view]

The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
[click to view]


[1] 120 MW thermal power plant in Ganjam on the anvil
[click to view]

[2] JSM wants public hearing on proposed power plant again
[click to view]

[3] Villagers back power plant
[click to view]

[4] Dr Ramakrishna Prasad Power Private Limited
[click to view]

[5] RKP Energy to set up new power plant
[click to view]

Media Links

Protest Against Chatrapur Thermal Power Plant
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update16/06/2014