Tbeng Meanchey district is comprised of various villages, most of them inhabited by the Kuoy ethnic minority, who are engaged in small-scale farming and the collection of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFP) from nearby forests. Most villagers live there since the fall of the Khmer Rouge Regime in 1979, which makes them, according to the 2001 Cambodian land law, the legal and legitimate land owners (i.e., they have lived continuously on their land over more than five years before 2001). However, in 2011, in absence of a completed national land management system (1), and other factors among them most likely corruption, two Chinese firms, Lan Feng and Roy Feng International, were granted ELCs on villagers’ land, amounting to 9,015ha and 8,841ha, respectively. Both firms are part of a group of five Chinese companies, registered under the same address. While the legal limit of ELC per company is 10,000ha, the group of all five companies was awarded ELCs amounting to no less than 220,000ha during 2012 (2;6).