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Companhia Brasileira de Alumínio (CBA) in Miradouro, Serra do Brigadeiro, MG, Brazil

Miradouro and other municipalities in Serra do Brigadeiro resist against extraction of bauxite deposits by CBA, a company belonging to the Votorantim Group.


Serra do Brigadeiro is a mountain range park located in Minas Gerais state. It was created in 1996 and open to public visitation in 2005. The mission of the park is to protect the natural heritage of the Atlantic Rainforest in the Serra do Brigadeiro, whilst facilitating scientific research, education and ecotourism, and contributing towards the development of communities in the area.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Companhia Brasileira de Alumínio (CBA) in Miradouro, Serra do Brigadeiro, MG, Brazil
State or province:Minas Gerais
Location of conflict:Miradouro
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Mineral ore exploration
Establishment of reserves/national parks
Specific commodities:Tourism services
Biological resources
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

CBA requested to the National Mining Agency in Brazil to do research and mining concessions in several municipalities around Serra do Brigadeiro region. However, in the company website and Votorantim Group 2016 sustainability report, there was no information about the company activities related to bauxite extraction nearby Serra do Brigadeiro in Minas Gerais area.

Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:2004
Company names or state enterprises:Companhia Brasileira de Alumínio (CBA) from Brazil
Votorantim Group from Brazil
Relevant government actors:National Mining Agency (former Departamento Nacional de Producao Mineral - DNPM)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Movimento pela Soberania Popular da Mineracao - MAM
CPT - Comissão Pastoral da Terra
PACAB - Projeto de Assessoria às Comunidades Atingidas por Barragens - Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV)
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Social movements
Trade unions
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Religious groups
Forms of mobilization:Referendum other local consultations
Street protest/marches
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Conflict outcome / response:Land demarcation
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Development of alternatives:(1) "Fernanda Oliveira, do Sindicato de Trabalhadores Rurais de Miradouro, a Assembleia cumpriu o objetivo. “A assembleia é um processo importante de mobilização e ampliação da consciência do povo. Pudemos fazer formação e organizar nosso time para derrotar o inimigo. Nossa região é terra para agricultura, para conservação e turismo, não é espaço para mineradora, por isso, reivindicamos coletivamente que a região seja demarcada como território livre de mineração”, reivindica Oliveira.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:It is still an ongoing process and the company have not started the construction phase yet. During an interview in 2017, CBA representatives said that although the company already has the right to explore the region, the activity is not in the company forecast for the next 5 years.
Sources and Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

A Comissão dos Atingidos pela Mineração e a Luta de Resistência à Expansão da Mineração de Bauxita (e a Favor da Agricultura Familiar) na Zona da Mata de Minas Gerais. Franklin Daniel Rothman. 2007
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Mining exploration faces resistance
[click to view]

Natural conservation areas close to Serra do Brigadeiro threatened by CBA activities
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Social movement organizations write a letter in solidarity to Gilberto Teixeira
[click to view]

MAM denouces CBA and Votorantim group of misleading communities near Serra do Brigadeiro
[click to view]

(1) Public consultation is done in Miradouro (MG).
[click to view]

Other documents

Territorial Plan of Sustainable Rural Development Territorial Plan of Sustainable Rural Development June 2004
[click to view]

Park management plan Serra do Brigadeiro park management plan dated from October 2007
[click to view]

Protest against CBA project
[click to view]

A Comissão dos Atingidos pela Mineração e a Luta de Resistência à Expansão da Mineração de Bauxita (e a Favor da Agricultura Familiar) na Zona da Mata de Minas Gerais This academic paper (framed in social movement theory) describes the Commission of people affected by mining activities (bauxite extraction) in Minas Gerais.
[click to view]

[click to view]

Meta information
Last update03/06/2018
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