The Costa Brava landfill was opened in April 2016, it is one of the two landfills that have been advertised by the Lebanese government as a solution to the eight-month trash crisis that the country went through in 2015. It was a temporary alternative to the Naameh landfill which was closed in May 19, 2015, after 17 years of operation, leading to the accumulation of trash piles in the city of Beirut and its environs. However, two weeks after the establishment of the plan, local residents and activists including the “You stink” campaign, the campaign for the closure of Al-Ghadeer landfill and the Lebanese Eco Movement held protests at the sites requesting the closure of the Costa Brava and the Bourj Hammoud landfills. In September 2016, activists filed a lawsuit against the Lebanese State, Al-Jihad group for Commerce and Contracting (JCC) and the Union of the Southern Beirut municipalities asking for the closure of the landfill. In addition, residents and activists from the Lebanese Eco Movement created a tent at the site preventing garbage trucks from penetrating and disposing the waste. In their sit-in, they requested people to sign a petition to the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) to shut the landfill since it could contribute to the pollution of the air and the sea nearby and it could be a threat for aviation safety due to its location close to the airport. The petition got 10,452 signatures; however, Paul Abi Rached, president of the Lebanese Eco Movement and TERRE Liban, stated that it was not useful because UNEP seemed to support the emergency plan. Additionally, many activists declared that the installation of the landfill in the chosen site is a violation of the Barcelona convention concerning the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Mediterranean that was adopted in 1995. Following this mobilization, the Judge of Urgent Matters in Baabda, Hasan Hamdan, ordered in December 2016 the Civil Aviation Authority, the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Agriculture to conduct a study assessing the impacts of the landfill on the environment and the aviation safety.