Last update:

Crocodile Bay Resort and Marina, Golfo Dulce, Costa Rica


Costa Rica is recognized around the world as an attractive destination for ecotourism. However, since the 1990´s a large-scale coastal tourism model has been implemented in the country’s Pacific coast. This model, based on cruise ships, resorts, golf courses, residential tourism, real estate speculation and marinas, has ever since generated serious environmental and social impacts.

See more
Basic Data
Name of conflict:Crocodile Bay Resort and Marina, Golfo Dulce, Costa Rica
Country:Costa Rica
State or province:Puntarenas
Location of conflict:Golfito, Puerto Jiménez
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Tourism Recreation
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)
Wetlands and coastal zone management
Specific commodities:Tourism services
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

The overall tourism development plan includes:

See more
Level of Investment:50,000,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:40,000
Start of the conflict:01/08/2006
Company names or state enterprises:Bahía Cocodrilo S. A. from United States of America - owner
Relevant government actors:Commission of Tourist Marinas (CIMAT),Costa Rican Tourism Board (ICT) Environment Ministry’s National Technical Secretariat (SETENA), Environmental Ministry, Energie and Telecommunications (MINAET),Procuraduría General de la República (PGR)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Centro de Investigación en Ciencias del Mar y Limnología de la Universidad de Costa Rica (Cimar),Frente por el Golfo Dulce, Fundación Neotrópica (FN), Frente Nacional por la Protección de los Humedales, Conservación Osa, Fundacion MarViva, Asociación de Desarrollo Integral de Puerto Jiménez,
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Informal workers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Other Environmental impacts
Other Environmental impactsdirect destruction to mangroves and marine ecosystems,noise pollution to marine species,
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Other socio-economic impactssignificant increase in tourists that threatens local culture, direct affectation to artisanal fishermen, increases in property taxes and the cost of life produced by real estate speculation, increased in water demand.
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Court decision (undecided)
Strengthening of participation
Project temporarily suspended
Development of alternatives:-Another way of tourism : ecological and community based tourism.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:The project is temporarily suspended and the complaint made by Fundación Neotrópica and Conservación Osa arguing that the zoning management plan was illegal was victory for the environmental justice.
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Expediente administrativo, Bahia Cocodrilo. Expediente Num D1-595- 2006 de SETENA
[click to view]

Ley Organica del Ambiente
[click to view]

Constitucion Politica de Costa Rica
[click to view]

Ley de Marinas y Atracaderos Turísticos N. 7774

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Reporte Final del Monitoreo de Especies Marinas en el Golfo Dulce, Costa Rica, Enero - Febrero 2010
[click to view]

Revista Ambientico (2013). Soportaría el Golfo Dulce una marina?
[click to view]

Fundacion Neotropica y Stanford Woods (2019). Conciliando productivamente : identificacion de actividades viables de produccion sostenible para los pobladores /as de la Reserva Forestal Golfo Dulce
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Ambiente Critico, Digital El Paias. El Proyecto de Marina del “Crocodile Bay Resort” en el Golfo Dulce
[click to view]

La Nacion (2012) Construcción de marina en golfo Dulce divide a Puerto Jiménez
[click to view]

Vecinos y expertos dicen NO a marina y megaproyecto en Golfo Dulce
[click to view]

UCR, Kioscos Ambientales. Defensa de los Ecosistemas de la Region
[click to view]

Crocodile Bay Resort, the Marina village
[click to view]

Infomación general y características de la Marina Cocodrile Bay
[click to view]

Empresa que busca crear Marina en Golfo Dulce fue la encargada de hacer Plan Regulador de la zona
[click to view]

The Tico Times (2013) Environmentalists continue fight against Crocodile Bay marina:
[click to view]

El Financiero (2013) Marinas turísticas no logran levantar ánimo de inversionistas
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Campaña Marinas No, Comunidad Si
[click to view]

Avaaz petition
[click to view]

Era Verde, UCR. No a la marina de Puerto Jimenez, Golfo Dulce, Peninsula de Osa, Costa Rica. Parte I
[click to view]

Era Verde, UCR. No a la marina de Puerto Jimenez, Golfo Dulce, Peninsula de Osa, Costa Rica. Parte II
[click to view]

Other documents

Site where the marina will be built Golfo Dulce, Puntarenas, Costa Rica
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Grettel Navas, Fundación Neotrópica
Last update26/11/2015
Legal notice / Aviso legal
We use cookies for statistical purposes and to improve our services. By clicking "Accept cookies" you consent to place cookies when visiting the website. For more information, and to find out how to change the configuration of cookies, please read our cookie policy. Utilizamos cookies para realizar el análisis de la navegación de los usuarios y mejorar nuestros servicios. Al pulsar "Accept cookies" consiente dichas cookies. Puede obtener más información, o bien conocer cómo cambiar la configuración, pulsando en más información.