Crude Fire Ravages Ubeji, Nigeria


Ubeji community is located in the Warri South Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria. The community among several others play host to the Warri Refinery and Petrochemical Company (WRPC), a subsidiary of the Government owned Nigerian National Petroleum Company, NNPC.

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Basic Data
NameCrude Fire Ravages Ubeji, Nigeria
ProvinceDelta State
SiteUbeji Community, Warri South Local Government Area
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Gas flaring
Specific Commodities
Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Company Names or State EnterprisesWarri Refinery and Petroleum Chemical Company (WRPC) from Nigeria - A Subsidiary of Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (Nigeria)
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
Relevant government actorsNigerian National Petroleum Corporation.
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEnvironmental Rights Action, Oilwatch Africa
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginUNKNOWN
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Informal workers
Local ejos
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Fires, Oil spills, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Air pollution, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights
Potential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Development of Alternatives-Immediate and thorough clean up of the creeks and surrounding areas.

-The NNPC should embark on a comprehensive safety audit of all their equipment and installations and replace faulty and weak structures to forestall future occurrences.

-Adequate compensation and relief be made to the affected communities, particularly Ubeji.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.As long as the refinery continues to pose a threat to residence in the area, through emissions of gaseous substance and frequent fire outbreak. The community is shadow of itself, due to destruction of livelihoods. Nothing has been done to solve the situation, as long as the refineries remain.
Sources and Materials

ERA field report
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Meta Information
ContributorNnimmo Bassey
Last update08/04/2014