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Dadri Power Project, UP, India


Reliance Power is developing about 10,000 MW of gas based power capacities at multiple locations. Dadri Power Project, located at Dadri, Uttar Pradesh is one of the selected location by Reliance Power where about 7,480 MW gas based power plant is going to be developed. The project is under development [1] In 2009 farmers have started protest marches at the power project site in Dadri. Protestors said that the way the 2,500 acres of highly fertile land was snatched from farmers by sighting the dream of a power project was wrong [2]. They have staged a dharna (sit in protest) in Lucknow, capital of Uttar Pradesh in August 2009 against what they alleged as the 'forceful acquisition of fertile land.’

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Dadri Power Project, UP, India
State or province:Uttar Pradesh
Location of conflict:Dadri
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Thermal power plants
Specific commodities:Land
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Dadri Power Project, located at Dadri, Uttar Pradesh. The installation Capacity of the project is 7,480 MW. The project will be gas based project operated by Reliance Power Corporation [1].

Project area:1,011
Level of Investment:6,459,427,000
Type of populationSemi-urban
Start of the conflict:2007
Company names or state enterprises:Reliance Power Ltd from India - part of Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group
Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group from India
Relevant government actors:Government of Uttar Pradesh, Allahabad High Court
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Maharana Sangram Singh Kisan Kalyan Samiti, Dadri., Kisan Manch
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Local government/political parties
Agitation by the farmers and their representative organisations has been going on in Dadri ever since the Mulayam Singh Government announced its decision to set up the mega power project. Prior to the Uttar Pradesh Assembly elections in 2007, the farmers’ protest was spearheaded by former Prime Minister VP Singh and the Jan Morcha led by its then president, cine actor, Raj Babbar. Later, the reins of the agitation were taken over by Kisan Manch and sundry other farmers’ organisations [3]
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Potential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
New legislation
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Project cancelled
Development of alternatives:Much of the dispute centered on the compensation announced for the farmers. Farmers claimed that compensation given by the government was inadequate. The compensation had been fixed at the rate of Rs. 135 per square metre, whereas the current market rate of land in Greater Noida phase 2 was Rs. 15000 per square metre
Another place where there are about 300 to 400 acres of land was available in Dadri. That land can be allotted for the power plant [3]
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The Allahabad High Court quashed the Uttar Pradesh government s earlier notification for using emergency powers to buy land for the Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group (ADAG) company’s Dadri power project, side-stepping a provision inviting objections from land owners.
The state government will now have to invite objections from farmers, who have the option of either returning the compensation they were paid to reclaim the land or forfeit any claim. Farmers have already given about 2,500 acres for the project.
Farmers who had protested against the land acquisition claimed victory [7].
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Land Acquisition and Rehabilitation Act (2013)
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[1] Dadri Power Project
[click to view]

[2] Dadri farmers up in arms over proposed power project
[click to view]

[3] Dadri farmers protest land acquisition by RPL
[click to view]

[4] Reliance Power’s Dadri project hits road block
[click to view]

[5] R-Power’s Dadri project in limbo
[click to view]

[6] Shivpal blames Centre for Dadri project delay
[click to view]

[7] Setback for Reliance Powers Dadri plant

[click to view]

The curious case of the Dadri power plant
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update24/06/2014
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