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Dai Ninh Hydropower Project, Dong Nai River, Vietnam

In spite of serious concerns regarding resettlement issues, the Dai Ninh Hydropower Project moved forward. While the produced electricity benefits Vietnamese growing urban areas, social and environmental costs are largely carried by ethnic minorities.


In order to serve the country’s growing demand for electricity, the government has planned and established a series of hydroelectric projects along Vietnam’s rivers. Among these projects is the 300MW Dai Ninh Hydro Plant, located on the Dong Nai River, a main tributary of the Saigon River. In spite of serious concerns regarding the dam’s impact on people and the environment, the project moved forward and was commissioned in 2008 [1;2].

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Dai Ninh Hydropower Project, Dong Nai River, Vietnam
State or province:Binh Thuan Province
Location of conflict:Ham Thuan Bac District
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Water Management
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Dams and water distribution conflicts
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:Land
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

The Dai Ninh hydroelectric plant has an installed capacity of 300MW, provided by two turbines of 150 MW each. Annual electricity production was reported to amount to 1.2 billion kWh per year. It is a multipurpose project that also provides irrigation infrastructure to the surrounding areas [1].

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Project area:2,000
Level of Investment:440,000,000 USD
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:14,000 resettled, tens of thousands negatively affected downstream
Start of the conflict:01/1995
Company names or state enterprises:The Electricity of Vietnam Group (EVN) from Vietnam
Vietnam Power Investigation and Design Company No.2 (PIDC 2) (PIDC 2) from Vietnam - consultancy, engingeering
Lotti & Associati S.P.A from Italy
SNC-Lavalin from Canada - engineering, consultancy, construction
Toshiba from Japan
Nippon Koei from Japan - consultancy, engineering
J-Power / Electric Power Development Corporation (EPDC) from Japan - energy industry
Hazama Ando Corporation from Japan - construction
Song Da Corporation from Vietnam - construction
Relevant government actors:Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD)
Government of Vietnam
International and Finance InstitutionsThe World Bank (WB) from United States of America
Japan Bank for International Corporation (JBIC) from Japan
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:International Rivers
Probe International
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Local government/political parties
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Ethnic minorities K'ho, Churu; Chil; Cham, and Raglai
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Public campaigns
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Other Environmental impacts
Other Environmental impactsPotential increases of water-borne diseases
Health ImpactsPotential: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Infectious diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The project goes on.
Sources and Materials
Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[1] online. "Dai Ninh Hydro Plant, Vietnam" (accessed 15/7/2015)
[click to view]

[4] Probe International (15/10/2008): "Rethinking Japanese ODA in Vietnam's electricity industry " (accessed 15/7/2015)
[click to view]

[2] International Rivers, 2001 (online): "Planned Dams in Vietnam" (accessed 15/7/2015)
[click to view]

Other documents

[3] World Bank 1995. Document on the Viet Nam-Dai Ninh Hydro Power Project Source:
[click to view]

Dai Ninh dam Source:
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:A. Scheidel (ICTA-UAB)
Last update16/07/2015
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