Dam in the Bergantes River, Teruel, Spain


According to the World Register of Dams, in 2000 there were 1270 big dams in Spain (1240 in operation and 28 under construction). Thus, Spain is the European country with the highest number of dams. Worldwide, only USA, China and India have more dams than Spain.

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Basic Data
NameDam in the Bergantes River, Teruel, Spain
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Water access rights and entitlements
Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific CommoditiesWater
Project Details and Actors
Project Details- Categoría: Big Dam. Categoría A

- Typología: Gravedad, planta recta, de fábrica de hormigón, para laminación de avenidas, tipo “agujero”.

- Altura máx. sobre cimientos: 67,67 m

- Altura máx. sobre cauce: 55,45 m

- Cota de lecho de cauce: 460,00 m.s.n.m.

- Longitud de coronación: 474,195 m

- Anchura de coronación: 11,10 m

- Volumen embalse a cota aliviadero (510,00 m.s.n.m.): 60,867 hm3

- Superficie embalse a cota aliviadero: 402,697 ha

- Volumen embalse a cota coronación (515,45 m.s.n.m.): 89,077 hm3
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population700
Start Date18/05/2013
Company Names or State EnterprisesConfederación hidrográfica del Ebro
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingLocal government/political parties
Social movements
Trade unions
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of alternative proposals
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of livelihood
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseNegotiated alternative solution
Strengthening of participation
Application of existing regulations
Development of AlternativesA. The new spillway in Calanda dam, mentioned in the Ebro Hydrological Plan, could be constructed. If the problem is the safety of this dam, action must be taken on it instead of eluding responsibilities.

B. The Santolea project could be executed. Then, all hydraulic downstream demands would be covered and it could be avoid having Calandas reservoir at 100%, which could take potential floods of Bergantes river.

C. The Ebro Water Plan 2010-2015 should be applied regarding flood management. It says that when addressing structural defenses, management mechanisms should prevail, and they are based on information and prediction such as automatic hydrological information system (AHIS) or the help of warning systems, as it has been the case until now.

Additionally, an agreement about the river could be created. The agreement could be seen as a tool for management and for participation to restore, improve or maintain river Bergantes through a series of concerted action for all users and the corresponding government actions. This River Agreement would be based on a process of broad participation, which would involve all users and the public entities involved in water management.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The dam project in Bergantes River has not been scrapped.
Sources and Materials

Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy
[click to view]

Ley 29/1985 de Aguas
[click to view]

Real Decreto 9/2008, de 11 de enero, por el que se modifica el Reglamento del Dominio Público Hidráulico, aprobado por el Real Decreto 849/1986, de 11 de abril. (BOE de 16 de enero de 2008, núm. 14)
[click to view]


Moción Bergantes
[click to view]


Web: el bergantes no se toca platform
[click to view]

Manifesto from the Platform el bergantes no se toca
[click to view]

Manifesto from Ecologistas en Acción
[click to view]

Newspaper article. EFE (0/12/2013). La plataforma contra el embalse en el río Bergantes continúa sus protestas. El periódico de Aragón
[click to view]

Media Links

Youtube clip: protest against the Aguaviva dam
[click to view]

youtube clip. A representative from the Asociación el bergantes no se toca talks in the parliament
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorAmaranta Herrero
Last update03/05/2014