Dem-Inter was founded in 2004 by Mark Lewis (UK) to establish and manage large farms in Russia on behalf of investors. The company then expanded to southern Africa, establishing a 3,000-ha operation with Jumba Royal Council in South Africa in 2009 and in 2010, a partnership with Namibias Labour Investment Holdings, owned by the National Union of Namibian Workers Trust, to develop a 10,000-ha farm on a forested area of the Bwabwata National Park under the company name LIH Demeter Agribusiness. This project was controversial on many accounts: over 1000 families depend on the land for their livelihood, the vast amount of water extracted from the river would negatively impact the river downstream, the fertilizers used would endanger locals' organic certification, and lack of transparency with local organizations lead to land rights confusion. The loss of wildlife from the project would negatively impact tourism and potentially lead to increased human-wildlife interactions. The Okavango River transects multiple nations so water abstraction at such a level requires the consent of all nations sharing the river â and no project of this scale has yet been approved. The company acquired the lands in Namibia through a 25-year leasehold from the areas Traditional Authority, not individual landholders, in exchange for a 15% stake in the US$20-million investment. The local tribal organization holds none of the 15%, and the project is subsequently mired in tribal, corporate, and public land disputes. Enviro Dynamics conducted an EIA in 2010. The local tribal advocacy organization, Kyaramacan Trust, firmly rejected the project, citing livelihood endangerment, ancestral gravesites in the area, and environmental impacts. Since 2010 details of the EIA have not been released, nor has any sign of progress of the project, but the LIH website still lists the project under 'agriculture'.