On the 30th of January 2000, one of the pipes in the Valle Hermoso oil pipeline from Sica Sica to Arica broke in two. 29,780 barrels of crude oil poured into the Desaguadero River, polluting a fragile ecosystem of the central Bolivian plateau. The oil was carried by the river for 171 km (106 miles), polluting the coasts of 127 communities. The huge spill caused environmental, economic and social impacts. Local communities, especially those of Chuquia, Huancaroma and Japo, alongside organisations and civil associations, protested and demanded damages from Transredes S.A, the company accused of being responsible for the incident. The company was compelled to pay US$6.5 millions but the sum was considered much too low compared to the damages caused. Claims upheavals occurred during the 11th anniversary of the incident, in 2011, asking for an increase of environmental monitoring and health care. Indeed, the population health is not being looked after, albeit it is known the pollution from the oil spill affects humans’ health on the long-term.