Developments along the shores of Lake Elementaita, Kenya


Lake Elementaita is listed as one of the Kenya Lakes System World Heritage Sites jointly with Lake Nakuru and Bogoria. It is also a Ramsar site, an IBA and is also protected as Widlife Sanctuary, hence the need to preserve the sites ecological intergrity.

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Basic Data
NameDevelopments along the shores of Lake Elementaita, Kenya
ProvinceRift Valley
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biodiversity conservation conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)
Wetlands and coastal zone management
Specific Commodities
Biological resources
Project Details and Actors
Project Area (in hectares)1,800
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population40,000-60,000
Company Names or State EnterprisesHot Springs Hotels from Kenya
The Sentrim Hotels from Kenya
Relevant government actorsKenya Wildlife Service, National Environment Management Authority, National Museums of Kenya
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersNature Kenya; Bird Committee of Nature Kenya; Community Action for Nature Conservation; Friends of Lake Elementaita;Institute of Environment and Water Management; Wildlife Clubs of Kenya; Kenya Wetlands Forum
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Recreational users
government institutions
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Site visits and research
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Potential: Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Health ImpactsPotential: Other environmental related diseases
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseLand demarcation
Strengthening of participation
Application of existing regulations
Development of AlternativesDelineating the boundaries of the Lake informed by data o lowest and highest levels of the Lake waters.

Enforcement of Environmental Management and Coordination Act in terms of putting emphasis on review of EIAs for such development projects before approval.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Stakeholders are still holding discussions on action towards protecting the status of the lake, through controlling developments on the shores. NEMA is taking the lead since they are in charge of controlling development through reviewing EIAs. On the other hand Nature Kenya is keen to see that all stakeholders are involved and in following up/tracking action.
Sources and Materials

Environmental Management and Coordination Act; Water Act; Wildlife Conservation and Management Act; The Constitution of Kenya


Minutes of the Bird Committee meeting held on 2nd July 2013.

Minutes of the National Liaison Committee on IBAs meeting held on 25th July 2013.

Minutes of the National Liaison Committee on IBAs meeting held on 14th November 2013.

Meta Information
ContributorSerah Munguti
Last update24/06/2014