Last update:
2014-07-20

Dhopave Thermal Power Project, Maharastra, India

Description:

Maharashtra Government is taking up a major thermal power projects at Dhopave. This project is one of the initiative by the government to enhance the power generation capacity in the state to reach a target of zero power deficit [1] The 1600 mw Dhopave imported coal-based thermal power station is located in the Ratnagiri district in Konkan region of Maharashtra. The project is strategically located due to its proximity to the petrochemical and the fertilizer industry. The plant is being developed by Maharashtra State Power Generation Company Ltd (Mahagenco).

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Dhopave Thermal Power Project, Maharastra, India
Country:India
State or province:Maharastra
Location of conflict:Village - Dhopave; District- Ratnagiri
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Thermal power plants
Specific commodities:Electricity
Land
Coal
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The plant is being developed by Maharashtra State Power Generation Company Ltd (Mahagenco). After land acquisition, Mahagenco called for bids and handover the plant site to a private company. The company will build, own and operate the plant. Lanco Infratech Ltd, the diversified infrastructure company, has emerged as the lowest bidder for the 1,600 mw Dhopave coastal power plant. The total cost of setting up the power plant will be approximately Rs 8,500 crore and will include construction of a jetty, expected to cost up to Rs 500 crore. The jetty will be used to bring in imported coal for the power plant. Lanco will have to develop the project on build, own and operate basis from whom state generation company. MahaGenco will purchase the power for the procurer. The procurer in this case is the Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Company Ltd (MahaVitaran) [3].

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Project area:593
Level of Investment:3,522,000,000: (Rs.22,000 crores)
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:2000
Start of the conflict:2007
Company names or state enterprises:Maharashtra State Power Generation Company Ltd (Mahagenco) from India
Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Company Ltd (MahaVitaran) from India
Lanco Infratech Ltd from India
Relevant government actors:Maharashtra Coastal Zone Management Authority, State Environment Department, State Mining Department, Airport Authority of India, State Forest Department, Maharashtra Pollution Control Board, Maharashtra Maritime Board, Maharashtra Water Resources Department
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Local Villagers
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityLATENT (no visible organising at the moment)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Landless peasants
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Forms of mobilization:Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Objections to the EIA
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Land dispossession
Potential: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Institutional changes
New legislation
Under negotiation
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The locals have pitched the government for power from renewable sources of energy and are not willing to compromise on their environment and health for coal-based energy. The villagers claim that the Government’s earlier promises of setting up hospitals and schools for the locals when the ENRON plant was set up were never kept. With growing distrust towards the government, it is only understandable that any more arguments made in favor of jobs and social welfare from power plants is hardly ever true. Many are already suffering from Ratnagiri Gas And Power Pvt. Ltd. (RGPPL) through water and air pollution which is also impacting farming [2] Villagers fear that the hot water and coal ash, which would be spewed by the power plant, will destroy their fragile local ecosystem [5]
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

THE AIR (PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF POLLUTION) ACT, 1981
[click to view]

Land acquisition and rehabilitation act (2013)
[click to view]

NOTIFICATION UNDER SECTION 3(1) AND SECTION 3(2)(v) OF THE ENVIRONMENT (PROTECTION) ACT, 1986 AND RULE 5(3)(d) OF THE ENVIRONMENT (PROTECTION) RULES, 1986 DECLARING COASTAL STRETCHES AS COASTAL REGULATION ZONE (CRZ) AND REGULATING ACTIVITIES IN THE CRZ.
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Global Coal Risk Assessment : Data Analysis and Market Research
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Maharashtra Power Generation Corporation limited

(Mahagenco)
[click to view]

[1] New power plants at Dhule, Ratnagiri
[click to view]

[2] Dhopave stands up against coal
[click to view]

[3] Lanco lowest bidder for Dhopave project
[click to view]

12-bengaluru.pdf
[click to view]

[click to view]

[4] PRESENTATION ON PRESENT STATUS OF POWER PROJECTS IN WESTERN GHAT OF MAHARASHTRA

Dhopave Thermal Power Station (Mahagenco)

[5] Dhopave thermal plant faces stiff opposition from villagers
[click to view]

Dhopave Coastal Power plans 3200 MW Thermal project in Dhopave
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update20/07/2014
Comments
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