Jiaozishan landfill site and incineration plant near Doucun Village in Nanjing, Jiangsu, China

Years after suffering from air and water pollution from a landfill site and incineration plant nearby, thousands of villagers publicly protested against such waste disposal and treatment facilities.


In 1992, the Jiaozishan landfill was established at the site which lies 1.5 km to the southwest of Doucun Village. The landfill locates at the hillside of Mount Qinglong, and the Dou village locates at the downhill of it. The emergence of Jiaozishan landfill has changed the environment and posed a threat to the residents. 

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Basic Data
NameJiaozishan landfill site and incineration plant near Doucun Village in Nanjing, Jiangsu, China
SiteJiannan community, Dongshan Subdistrict, Jiangning District, Nanjing
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Waste Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Water treatment and access to sanitation (access to sewage)
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Medical and construction waste
Domestic municipal waste
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe 420 mu landfill buried 2000 tons of wastes on a daily basis.
Project Area (in hectares)28
Level of Investment (in USD)2,500,000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population2000
Start Date2003
End Date2016
Company Names or State EnterprisesNanjing Jiaozishan organic waste treatment plant from China
Nanjing Huifeng Waste Disposal Company from China
Relevant government actors-Jiannan community and upper-level governments

-Nanjing Environmental Monitoring Center Station
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersResidents of Doucun village
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Drink tea in a sit-in in front of the landfill gates
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Deaths, Other environmental related diseases, Other Health impacts
Potential: Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
OtherAlleged increase of cancer deaths
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/sense of place, Displacement
Potential: Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Violent targeting of activists
Arrests, wounded protesters
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The landfill site re-opened after its first closure; the incineration plant is still in operation and there is no sign to see an end so far. People are suffering from the environmental and health impacts. There is displacement or expulsion by pollution.
Sources and Materials

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[2]南京市环境卫生专业规划(修编)(2011-2020 年)
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[9]Executive Summary - Waste Incineration & Public Health - NCBI Bookshelf
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[5]抗议垃圾填埋场复业 千警镇压200村民
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[6]2016.6.11 江苏南京
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[3]网上曝光台:垃圾污染 南京一村庄30多人死于癌症
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[7]不满污染严重 南京村民抗议垃圾场重启
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[4]轿子山垃圾场昨关闭 扩容改造后将重新开放
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Media Links

Villagers shouting the slogans
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[2016.6.11] 江苏省南京市江宁区东山街道建南社区窦村抗议垃圾焚烧场污染环境遭警察镇压(一)
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Other Documents

the protests
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The full view of Dou village
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The landfill and Dou village Dou village locates at the downhill of the landfill
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protest slogans and banners refuse to bury, refuse to burn, refuse pollution, leave a blue sky in the Dou village, and benefit future generations
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The public well in Dou village
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the incineration plant
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the mountain of garbage in landfill the garbages piled up like a mountain with about 30 meters high
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Meta Information
ContributorTianhong Xu,Department of Sociology, Hohai University
Last update13/12/2018