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Eastern Economic Corridor, Thailand

The Eastern Economic Corridor is one of the flagship development projects of the Thai government. It will include new industrial areas, the expansion of ports and airports, and new railway connections.


Some large infrastructure projects in the Eastern Economic Corridor are opposed by local communities, while a number have high costs and may not be able to proceed at the desired pace, researchers at the Thailand Development Research Institute (TDRI)  warned in October 2017. (6).            

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Eastern Economic Corridor, Thailand
State or province:Chachoengsao, Chonburi and Rayong Provinces
Accuracy of locationLOW (Country level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Specific commodities:Manufactured Products
Chemical products
Project Details and Actors
Project details

According to the government, the GDP of this area represents 20 percent of the country’s total GDP

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Project area:1,300,000
Level of Investment:43,000,000,000
Type of populationSemi-urban
Start of the conflict:28/06/2016
Company names or state enterprises:PTT Global Chemical (PTTGC.BK) from Thailand
Toyota Tsusho Corporation (Toyota) from Japan
Amata Corporation Pcl (AMATA.BK) from Thailand
Ford Motor Company from United States of America
Relevant government actors:Board of Investment, Ministry of Industry, National Council for Peace and Order, Office of the National Economic and Social Development Board
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Eastern People's Network
Special Economic Zone Watch Network
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Objections to the EIA
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The project is going ahead and proceeding quickly. The government has opened bidding processes for several of the infrastructure projects and is looking for investors.
Sources & Materials
Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[4] Environmental fears as EEC plans rushed, The Nation, February 26, 2018
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[1] Environmental fears as EEC plans rushed. The Nation. February 26, 2018
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[2] Thailand’s EEC to Be Linked with China’s One Belt, One Road Initiative. The Government's Public Relations Department. May 15, 2017
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[3] Academic fears concession will lead to land grab in Eastern Economic Corridor. The Nation. May 02, 2017
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

(6) Govt faces more EEC challenges than was thought, forum hears. Economy October 11, 2017. By WICHIT CHAITRONG. THE NATION
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(5) Reuters, 8 Febr. 2018, Thailand approves law for $45 billion Eastern Economic Corridor
[click to view]

Other comments:This is the government's optimistic view: "Chachoengsao, Chonburi and Rayong Provinces have been designated for the development of the Eastern Economic Corridor (EEC), a pilot project for the economic development of Thailand’s Eastern Seaboard. Over the past 30 years, these three provinces have been developed to support the fast growing industries. It was the “eras of industrial revolution”. In 1987, Map Ta Phut industrial estate was established and it was the beginning of the development of Thai heavy industry, such as petrochemical, auto and electronics industries. These eras are also called Thailand 3.0. Today, Thailand is ready to move forward to the era of Thailand 4.0. The EEC area covers over 13,000 Km2. The government has launched measures to support and accelerate the economic growth in the EEC, for instance, measures to develop public utilities, transportation systems, logistics, human resources, and investor’s facilitation in the form of One-Stop Service Center. In the future, the EEC will grow into a modern metropolitan, a hub of trade and investment, a center for regional transportation and logistics, a significant source for human resources, a tourist attraction and most importantly, the most modern Gateway to Asia".
Meta information
Contributor:Laura Villadiego, Carro de Combate ([email protected])
Last update18/04/2018
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