Last update:

Essar Pellet Plant,Paradeep, Odisha, India

Hundreds of villagers and workers staged protests asking for fulfilment of their demands, mainly on compensation, rehabilitation and employment.


Essar Steel is a fully integrated flat carbon steel manufacturer–from iron ore to ready-to-market products–with a current capacity of 10 million tonnes per annum (MTPA). Essar Steel's manufacturing facility comprises ore beneficiation, pellet making, iron making, steel making, and downstream facilities including cold rolling mill, galvanising, pre-coated facility, steel processing facility, extra wide plate mill and a pipe mill.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict: Essar Pellet Plant,Paradeep, Odisha, India
State or province:Odisha
Location of conflict:Paradeep
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:Land
Project Details and Actors
Project details

A 6 MTPA pellet plant is located at Paradip in the iron ore-rich state of Odisha. The plant has an assured supply of high-quality iron ore from the beneficiation plant at Dabuna, Odisha. The Paradeep Pellet plant will add another 6 MTPA to its capacity in the next financial year, bringing Essar’s total pelletization capacity at Paradip to 12 MTPA.

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Project area:510.7133
Level of Investment:603,582,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:1000
Start of the conflict:2016
Company names or state enterprises:Essar Steel from India
Relevant government actors:Govt. of India.
State Pollution Control Board,Odisha
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Gramya Surakhya Manch
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Neighbours/citizens/communities
Trade unions
Forms of mobilization:Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Food insecurity (crop damage), Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Potential: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The Plant is Operational after getting the consent order for Establish and Operate from State Pollution Control Board,Odisha wherein all pollution control laws and conditions are properly regulated by the board and adhered by Proposed plant.
Rehabilitation od displaced people did not take place.
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

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State Pollution Control Board,Odisha
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Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Essar sackings revive protest
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Villagers protest Essar Steel’s callousness
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The Telegraph, 4 April 2018. Job cry gains pitch at Essar plant site.

Nearly 80 families who lost their homestead to Essar's steel project here renewed their agitation for permanent employment cover on Tuesday.
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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Locals continue to stage dharna at Essar Steel in Paradip, 31 August 2018.The New India Express.
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Meta information
Contributor:Tapan Kumar Jena.Mail id- [email protected],Mob no-+91-9309549932.
Last update30/11/2019
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