The Chisumbanje ethanol plant producing agrofuel out of sugarcane started construction around 2009. About 40 000 hectares of land has been earmarked for compulsory acquisition leading to a fierce conflict between the villagers and the company. Some veterans of Zimbabwe’s liberation war have been reportedly paid off to intimidate villagers into submission. About 83 families from Rimirayi and Chinyamukwakwa villages have moved into neighboring Mozambique under pressure from the war veterans. However the ethanol product has failed to make inroads on the market, resulting in the company and some connected politicians demanding that the Ministry of Energy impose mandatory blending of petrol and ethanol. This has hit a brick wall as the responsible ministry has refused to budge. This resulted in the ethanol plant shutting down after stockpiling 10 million litres which exhausted its storage capacity. The community is divided over the project. Others feel the project is a worthwhile development whilst others are fighting for compensation after being forcibly removed from their ancestral homes. The plant was built without an EIA having been conducted. Villagers complain of livestock dying after drinking water contaminated by emissions from the ethanol plant.