Children poisoned by lead leaking from battery factories in Huaining, Anhui, China

In 2010-2011, more than 100 children in Huaining County of Anhui Province were found to have excessive levels of lead in their blood. Two nearby battery factories were blamed as the source of lead poisoning.


Description

Huaining County is located in the southwest of Anhui Province, under the jurisdiction of the prefecture-level city of Anqing. [1] In recent years, the investment of enterprises has brought economic benefits to the region, which was also closely related to the promotion of the local government. However, besides economic development, enterprises like Anqing Borui Battery Co., Ltd. also brought pollution to the area. [2]

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Basic Data
NameChildren poisoned by lead leaking from battery factories in Huaining, Anhui, China
CountryChina
ProvinceAnhui Province
SiteXinshan Community in Gaohe Town, Huaining County, Anqing City
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Manufacturing activities
Other
Specific Commoditiesbatteries
Manufactured Products
Lead
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe project is located in the Economic Development Zone of Huaining County. It occupies an area of over 13 ha. The company has purchased several first-class assembly lines and equipment for plate production, with the staff over 500. The investment of the project is CNY 30 million. (about USD 4.5 million). [2]
Project Area (in hectares)13
Level of Investment (in USD)4,500,000.00
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Populationover 200
Start Date24/12/2010
End Date01/2011
Company Names or State EnterprisesAnqing Borui Battery Co Ltd. from China - polluter
Zhejiang Borui Group from China - the parent company of Anqing Borui Battery Co Ltd.
Relevant government actors- the government of Huaining County

- CPC Huaining County Committee

- the Environmental Protection Bureau of Huaining County

- Anhui Provincial Children's Hospital

- Anhui Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention

- the Education Bureau of Huaining County

- the Health and Environmental Protection Departments of Anhui Province

- the Health and Environmental Protection Departments of Anqing City
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Industrial workers
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Objections to the EIA
people reported to the government about the secret production of the company.
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Noise pollution, Soil contamination
Potential: Groundwater pollution or depletion, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Food insecurity (crop damage)
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Other Health impacts
Otherexcessive blood lead levels
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Other socio-economic impacts
Potential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment
Otherfees for further treatment, loss of income when the parents have to take care of the children, etc.
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseEnvironmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Project cancelled
Withdrawal of company/investment
Project temporarily suspended
The compensation and treatment for the children with excessive blood lead was discussed but detailed information was not accessible.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The compensation and treatment of the children was still in discussion. And there is no information about the impact on adults. The children of migrant workers were excluded in the treatment by the local hospital.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

[5]环境保护法Environmental Protection Law of China - accessed on 28/03/2019
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Links

[6]安徽高河镇工厂违规生产造铅污染 - accessed on 28/03/2019
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[7]仍有外来务工子女血铅超标未治疗 因政府不埋单 - accessed on 24/03/2019
[click to view]

[3] 安徽怀宁儿童被曝血铅超标 疾控中心却说正常 - accessed on 24/03/2019
[click to view]

[1]Huaining County - accessed on 28/03/2019
[click to view]

[4] Battery factory poisons 24 children in China - accessed on 24/03/2019
[click to view]

[9]怀宁血铅事件10名相关责任人被“问责” - accessed on 24/03/2019
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[10]怀宁血铅事件:后续赔偿仍在商讨 - accessed on 24/03/2019
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[15]安徽怀宁再现铅污染---都是蓄电池企业惹的祸 - accessed on 24/03/2019
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[11]安徽怀宁血铅事件多名患儿被拒绝收治 - accessed on 28/03/2019
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[13]Battery factory poisons 24 children in China) - accessed on 28/03/2019
[click to view]

[2] 怀宁血铅之泪:肇事企业博瑞电源由环保局引进 - accessed on 24/03/2019
[click to view]

[8]安徽各级部门高度重视全力救治高河血铅超标儿童 - accessed on 24/03/2019
[click to view]

[14]安徽怀宁血铅迷局:怀宁县环保局局长被撤职(图) - accessed on 24/03/2019
[click to view]

Media Links

安徽怀宁多名官员因血铅事件被处理- accessed on 24/03/2019
[click to view]

[焦点访谈]儿童血铅超标事件调查(2011.1.7)- accessed on 24/03/2019
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[12]Chinese Parents Upset over Low Compensation for Lead Poison - accessed on 20/03/2019
[click to view]

Other Documents

children BLL-test 2 - Anhui a grandparent is crying for the BLL[14]
[click to view]

children BLL-test 1-Anhui a child is getting breath test [13]
[click to view]

children BLLs - hospital-Anhui parents are worried about the blood test results of their children[13]
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorEnvJustice, ICTA-UAB/CY
Last update29/03/2019
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