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Expansion of cattle industry of Agropecuária Santa Bárbara Xinguara in Pará, Brazil

Around 500.000 acquired legally and illegally by Agro Santa Barbara to increase cattle production. The land occupation by landless peasants provoked several episodes of violence in Pará.


Landless peasants' struggle for land is a key element among Brazil’s grass-roots movements and the state of Pará is at the center of the dispute. In 1996, the State Government of Pará and the Military Police were responsible for the killing nineteen landless peasants and hurting another seventy during an eviction attempt at a farm in the municipality of El Dorado dos Carajás. This infamous episode became known as the Carajás’ massacre. Since then, the struggle for land escalated and the rhythm of invasions and the establishment of occupation settlements grew steadily in the area.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Expansion of cattle industry of Agropecuária Santa Bárbara Xinguara in Pará, Brazil
State or province:Pará
Location of conflict:Xinguara
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:Land
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Agropecuária Santa Bárbara(AgroSB) have at least five big farms with 500.000 ha with 870 workers. Some of its land were occupied by the MST. There wwas violence, several peasants were killed. The company arranged for the aerial spraying of agrotoxics on the MST settlements.

Project area:500,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:700 families displaced
Start of the conflict:1996
Company names or state enterprises:Agropecuária Santa Bárbara (AgroSB) from Brazil - OWNER
Relevant government actors:National Institute for Colonization and Agrarian Reform (INCRA); Pará’s judicial court.
International and Finance InstitutionsOpportunity Fund from Brazil
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Ejos: Comissão Pastoral da Terra (CPT);Landless peasants, Landless Workers' Movement (MST); Central dos Trabalhadores e Trabalhadoras do Brasil - Pará (CPT-PA)
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Landless peasants
Social movements
Trade unions
Religious groups
Forms of mobilization:Land occupation
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Potential: Malnutrition, Deaths
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Corruption
Deaths, Assassinations, Murders
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Development of alternatives:Agro-ecological projects focusing on the families subsistence and commercialisation of staple foods.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:So far, INCRA (the land reform institute) has neither finished the acquisition process with AgroSB or recognised part of the Cedro ranch as public land. Meanwhile, land grabbing by big agribusiness keeps growing in Brazil, namely in the State of Pará. Many of these large properties keep serving land speculation and money laundering schemes. Hand in hand with appropriation by large companies comes less distributional justice for peasants who keep struggling for access to land.
Sources & Materials
Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Avião pulverizador joga agrotóxico em 340 famílias no interior do Pará
[click to view]

The Fall of a Brazilian Financier
[click to view]

Sem-terra invadem fazenda do banqueiro Daniel Dantas no Pará
[click to view]

Sempre polêmico, Daniel Dantas fica bilionário com pecuária
[click to view]

Fazenda ligada a Daniel Dantas doou R$ 1,1 milhão ao PT
[click to view]

Como um defensor do MST derrubou a banca do milionário Daniel Dantas

Um solitário defensor da Comissão Pastoral da Terra enfrentou um império da advocacia e encheu de sem-terra uma fazenda do ex-banqueiro Daniel Dantas
[click to view]

Avião joga veneno sobre famílias de sem terra acampadas no PA
[click to view]

Polícia cumpre reintegração de posse em fazendas de Daniel Dantas no Pará
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Agro Santa Bárbara
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:ENVJustice Project
Last update18/07/2018
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