Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link, Germany - Denmark


The Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link is an immersed tunnel (in earlier design iterations, a bridge) that is proposed to connect the German island of Fehmarn with the Danish island of Lolland. This would cross over the Fehmarn Belt in the Baltic Sea – 18 km (11 mi) wide – hence providing a direct link by railroad and highway between northern Germany and Lolland, and thence to the Danish island of Zealand. Denmark and Germany signed the state treaty on the construction of the link. The Transport Minister appointed Femern A/S to plan and design the fixed link across the Fehmarn-belt. Currently the EIA is being submitted for public consultation. It is also remarkable that the European Union has designated this project as one of the 30 prioritised transport infrastructure projects (TEN-T).

See more...
Basic Data
NameFehmarn Belt Fixed Link, Germany - Denmark
ProvinceSchleswig-Holstein/ Region Zealand
SiteOstholstein/ Lolland
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Specific CommoditiesTransportation Services
Tourism services
Project Details and Actors
Project Details17.6 km of immersed tunnel: 40 m wide, almost 10 m high 4 lane road 2 tracks railway
Level of Investment (in USD)7,290,000,000
Type of PopulationUrban
Start Date1994
Company Names or State EnterprisesFemern A/S from Denmark
Relevant government actorsDanish Ministry of Transport
International and Financial InstitutionsEU
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersAction Alliance against a Fehmarnbelt Fixed Link, NABU: Nature and Biodiversity Conservation Union
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginUNKNOWN
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Informal workers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Trade unions
Local scientists/professionals
Conservationists, owners of holiday lets, operators of caravan and holiday facilities, representatives of retailers,restaurants and the ferry service and captains.
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseEnvironmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Change of project: tunnel instead of bridge.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Prior to the tunnel, the idea was to build a bridge which was highly criticised and opposed. Surprisingly, in 2010 the construction of a tunnel was announced. The Danes widely agreed whereas resistance grew in Germany.

Besides, the company has carried out extensive environmental investigations.
Sources and Materials

Citizens’ Action Committee

Against the Fehmarn Belt

Fixed Link (2009). Fehmarn Belt. Review of a fixed link crossing.

VIEREGG - ROSSLER GmbH (2008). Expert report on the traffic forecasts and cost calculations of the Proposed Fixed Fehmarnbelt Link


Femern A/S webpage:
[click to view]

NABU analysis of economic concerns and environmental impacts:
[click to view]

European Comission Infrastructure TEN-T:
[click to view]

Der Spiegel:
[click to view]

The Guardian:
[click to view]

Action Alliance against a Fehmarnbelt Fixed Link (in German):
[click to view]

Media Links

Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link - bridge between Denmark and Germany (Animation)
[click to view]

Other Comments- Action Alliance against a Fehmarnbelt Fixed Link (in German):

Meta Information
ContributorAlfred Burballa Noria
Last update24/06/2014