Last update:
2014-08-18

Firestone/Bridgestone Rubber Plantations, Liberia

Description:

Firestones plantation - established in 1926 and leased for 99 years - is among the worlds largest rubber plantations. The area it now covers --a coastal low-land, interspersed with marshes, creeks and streams-- was originally owned and inhabited by the Mamba Bassa tribes who were evicted from there by the Firestone Plantations Company and the Government of Liberia during the signing of concession agreement without benefits to these local inhabitants.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Firestone/Bridgestone Rubber Plantations, Liberia
Country:Liberia
State or province:Monrovia
Location of conflict:Monrovia
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Mineral processing
REDD/CDM
Specific commodities:Rubber
Land
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

The 405, 000 hectares of land was leased for a fee of six cents per acre for a total annual price of $60,000. In 2005, Firestone signed a new 37-year agreement with the Transitional Government in Liberia to lease the land for a fee of fifty cents per acre. Between 2000 and 2003 Firestone exported 167,165 tons of rubber. In 2007, Firestone received $81,242,190 from its production in Liberia.

Project area:405000
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:1926
Company names or state enterprises:Bridgestone from Japan
Firestone
Relevant government actors:Government of Liberia
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:The Association of Environmental Lawyers of Liberia (Green Advocates), President Alfred Lahai Brownell, http://www.greenadvocates.org/, International Rights Advocates, http://iradvocates.org/index.html
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityUnknown
Reaction stageUnknown
Groups mobilizing:Industrial workers
International ejos
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Brownells research work with plantation workers influenced an Alien Tort Claims Act case filed against Firestone in the United States.
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..), Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths
Potential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Violations of human rights
Potential: Increase in violence and crime
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:..
Sources and Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Firestone: The Mark Of Slavery (to see the full report: ).
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Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

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Meta information
Contributor:Teresa Perez
Last update18/08/2014
Comments
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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