Shrimp Cultivation destroying local livelihood, Bangladesh

Cultivation of saline water shrimp on vast part of coastal area started as an industry since early 80s and reached its boom in the last few years. The sector is an hundred percent export oriented one


Cultivation of saline water shrimp on vast part of coastal area started its journey as an industry in Bangladesh since early 80s and reached its boom in the last few years. The sector is an hundred percent export oriented one. 

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Basic Data
NameShrimp Cultivation destroying local livelihood, Bangladesh
ProvinceNot applicable
SiteBagerhat, Khulna, Noakhali, Shatkhira, Cox's Bazar
Accuracy of LocationLOW country/state level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Aquaculture and fisheries
Specific CommoditiesLand
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsForeign currency earning from the frozen food sector is 4.23% of the total export earning, shrimp constitutes 80% of the said sector. Again of the total exported shrimp, the larger part comes from the nature as the farm shrimp contributes to about 39%-46%.
Project Area (in hectares)850 hectars plus 1.72 lakh hectars
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population3,000,000
Start Date22/11/1990
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersBangladesh Environmental Lawyers Association (BELA)

Nijera Kori
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Informal workers
International ejos
Local ejos
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationLawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Deaths
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseDeaths
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
New legislation
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Sources and Materials

The Environment Conservation Act, 1995
[click to view]

The Embankment and Drainage Act, 1952
[click to view]

The Bangladesh Water Development Board Act, 2000
[click to view]

The State Acquisition and Tenancy Act, 1950
[click to view]

Other Documents

Judgement of Shrimp cultivation
[click to view]

Picture of Karonamoyee
[click to view]

List of Shrimp Publication
[click to view]

[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorSyeda Rizwana Hasan, Bangladesh Environmental Lawyers Association (BELA), [email protected]
Last update14/12/2018