The Gambela Region covers 2,978,200 hectares and has a population of 307,096, according to 2007 Ethiopian census data. The area is the focus of a drive by the Government of Ethiopia to attract foreign investors to its agricultural sector through tax holidays, duty-free imports of machinery, easy bank loans and cheap land. In Gambella 42 percent of the total land area is either being marketed for lease to investors or has already been awarded to investors. The point of conflict is that the land leases are leading to the displacement of people from their land, loss of livelihood and deforestation. One of the main companies involved is Karuturi Global, which was allocated 100,000 hectares of land, with an option to increase to 300,000 hectares. This land lease deprives about 5000 Ilea indigenous people from the lands they use for farming along the Openo River. The Ilea people were not consulted about the deal. Rents for this area were reported to be as low as 15-20 birr per ha (USD1-1.25). Another major company involved in the Gambella region is Saudi Star Agricultural Development Company. Legal analysis of the land lease contracts raises concerns about lease rates per hectare, infrastructure development, water use provisions and environmental responsibility.