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Gidderbaha thermal power project, Punjab, India


The Punjab government was considering a proposed 2640 MW thermal plant at Gidderbaha, Punjab. The project was planned to give either to Punjab State Power Corporation Limited (PSPCL) or to National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) for execution. The government has earmarked more than 2000 acres of land near Gidderbaha for the project. The finance minister had advocated setting up the plant in the area as majority of the land there had chronic water logging problem that rendered the land unfit for agriculture purpose [1].

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Gidderbaha thermal power project, Punjab, India
State or province:Punjab
Location of conflict:Town - Gidderbaha; District - Muktsar
Accuracy of locationLOW (Country level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Thermal power plants
Specific commodities:Electricity
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Gidderbaha Thermal Power Project site is located in Muktsar District of Punjab and is about 5 Km from Gidderbaha on NH -15( Bathinda-Malout), Nearest Railway Station is Fakarsar which is 4 Kms.away and nearest Airport in Chandigarh about 250 Kms. About 2432 acres of land for main Plant, ash dike and Township has been identified by the State.

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Project area:809
Level of Investment:$ 2,098,929,438 (Rs 13,000 crore)
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:2010
Company names or state enterprises:Punjab State Power Corporation Limited from India
National Thermal Power Corporation from India
Relevant government actors:Government of Punjab
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Social movements
Forms of mobilization:Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Hunger strikes and self immolation
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution
Potential: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Land dispossession
Potential: Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Project cancelled
cancelled due to issues with land acquisition
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:State government displayed great interest in power projects from private sectors and paid no interest to the Gidderbaha project. Also, NTPC had not evinced any interest in pursuing the Gidderbaha project as the coal linkage was not allocated for the project and it had to be dropped [2].
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict


POLICY, 2007
[click to view]

The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
[click to view]

[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

[1] Punjab plans to hand over Gidderbaha thermal plant to PSPCL
[click to view]

[2] Gidderbaha thermal plant project dropped due to hurdles
[click to view]

[3] Gidderbaha thermal power project proves to be a non-starter
[click to view]

[4]Project Information
[click to view]

Gidderbaha plant faces roadblock due to coal linkage
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update21/03/2019
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