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Girye Ultra Mega Power Project, Maharashtra, India


To meet India’s power demand, the Government of India has planned to provide power for all by the end of the eleventh plan. This would entail a creation of an additional capacity of at least 100,000 MW. Ultra Mega Power projects (UMPP) are a series of ambitious power projects planned by the Government of India. The Ultra Mega Power projects, each with a capacity of 4000 megawatts or above, are being developed with an aim to bridge this gap. The UMPPs are seen as an expansion of the MPP (Mega Power Projects) projects that the Government of India undertook in the 90’s but met with limited success. The Ministry of Power in association with Central Electricity Authority and Power Finance Corporation Ltd. has launched an initiative for development of coal-based UMPPs in India. These projects will be awarded to developers on the basis of competitive bidding [1].

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Girye Ultra Mega Power Project, Maharashtra, India
State or province:Maharashtra
Location of conflict:Village- Girye; District -Sindhudurg
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Thermal power plants
Specific commodities:Coal
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The Ultra Mega Power Projects would use Super Critical Technology with a view to achieve higher levels of fuel efficiency, which results in saving of fuel and lower green-house gas emissions. Flexibility in unit size is subject to adoption of specified minimum Supercritical parameters. Girye UMPP is a Coastal projects it will to use imported coal [5].

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Project area:1,214
Level of Investment:2,412,000,000: Rs 15,000 crore
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:4000
Start of the conflict:2007
Company names or state enterprises:Reliance Power Ltd from India
Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group from India
Reliance Energy Ltd from India
Aditya Birla Power Company Ltd from India
National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) from India
Ashok Leyland Ltd from India
Videocon Industries Ltd from India
Energy Infrastructure Group (EIG) from Sweden
Itochu Corporation from Japan
Relevant government actors:Government of India, Ministry of Power, Central Electricity Authority, Maharashtra Pollution Control Board, National Remote Sensing Agency
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Indian National Congress Party, Shiv Sena Political Party, Local Villagers, Alphonso mango growers in the region.
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Landless peasants
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Forms of mobilization:Public campaigns
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Land dispossession
Potential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Negotiated alternative solution
New legislation
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Development of alternatives:Government sources admit that these farmers have spurned the government’s relief and rehabilitation offers as they feel that no new site would be suited for alphonso farming. After two decades, Indian mangoes, especially the mouthwatering alphonsos, have found their way into the lucrative US market and farmers believe that uprooting them from the conventional farming areas would let go India’s advantage in new found global mango bazaar. Many Indian business conglomerates, including Reliance Industries, Bharti, and ITC, have also chosen to cash in on the boom and are investing heavily in mango farming [2]
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Due to local agitation, requisite clearances for the land are not available. Hence bidding process for the construction of plant had not been initiated. Ministry of Power has taken up the matter with the State Government for suggesting an alternate/additional site. Final position from the State Government is awaited.
The Maharashtra government has proposed another site for the proposed project in Malwan taluka in Sindhudurg district of the state. Central Electricity Authority (CEA) official informed that the Maharashtra government had not provided details about the feasibility for the development of a port at the new site. However, the new site is as per the directives of the ministry of environment in the Maharashtra government, no chemical or hazardous industry is permitted and has been declared as tourist district. [1]. There has been no official communication from the Maharashtra government about a new site or abandoning of the originally proposed site [2]
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

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Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act 2013
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References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries
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[1] Ultra Mega Power Projects : Additional Re structural capacity to Existing Indian Grid System by Vikas Pandey, Prabhakar Tiwari, N.K.Sharma, A.N.Tiwari, M.K.Singh
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Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[3] State to suggest alternative site for Girye mega power project
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[4] Maharashtra yet to take a call on Girye ultra-mega power project
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PFC Moving Ahead for Ultra Mega Girye Power Plant
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Alphonso growers push ultra mega power project out of Girye
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Ultra Mega Power Projects (UMPP)
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[6] 22 cos line up for Girye ultra mega power project
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Girye Ultra Mega Power Project

mega project.pdf
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[2] Mango farmers refuse to give up land
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Girye Ultra Mega Power project @ Sindhudurg gets EOI from 22 bidders

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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

India Insight: Why ultra-mega power projects have been a gross failure
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Meta information
Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update09/10/2014
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