Last update:

Gosikhurd Dam Irrigation Project, Maharastra, India


The Gosikhurd project on Wainganga River, in Maharastra’s eastern Vidarva region, was approved in 1982 and launched by the former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi in 1984. The project was declared as ‘National Irrigation Project’ by the government of India [1]. The project is still incomplete and there are gross irregularities in rehabilitation of effected people, environmental clearances, financial embezzlement. More than 1 lakh population is affected by construction of the dam [4]. An action committee of Gosikhurd irrigation project-affected persons took out protest march for the delay in rehabilitation of dam oustees time to time [3]. Gosikhurd dam authorities have started blocking the water in 2012 are facing a stiff resistance from the project affected persons (PAPS) who are refusing to vacate despite the threat of submergence. Vidarbha Irrigation Development Corporation has started blocking water and this may leave hundreds of people still living in submergence area without a shelter during this rainy season. Authorities have made no proper arrangement for rehabilitation of the oustees. The oustees are demanding that water damming should begin only after they are fully rehabilitated and given their rightful compensation [2].

See more
Basic Data
Name of conflict:Gosikhurd Dam Irrigation Project, Maharastra, India
State or province:Maharastra
Location of conflict:Village-Gosikhurd; District-Bhandara
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Water Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific commodities:Water
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The project was planned to irrigate 2.50 lakh hectares with a network of canals including a right bank canal of 99 km, a left bank canal of 22.93 km and four lift irrigation schemes — Tekepar, Nerla, Ambhora and Mokhabardi. It also includes renovation of the existing Asolamendha tank. The project, launched by the former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi in 1984, it is far from completion [1].

See more
Project area:3,486,200
Level of Investment:1,673,000,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:100
Start of the conflict:1984
Company names or state enterprises:Vidarbha Irrigation Development Corporation from India
Relevant government actors:Comptroller and Auditor General of India, Maharastra Engineering Research Institute, Ministry of Environment & Forest (MoEF) Government of India, Government of Maharastra
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Gosikhurd Prakalpgrast Sangharsh Samiti (GPSS), Society for Rural Urban and Tribal Initiative (SRUTI), Kashtkari Jan Andolan, National Alliance for Peoples Movement (NAPM)
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession
Potential: Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusUnder construction
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Strengthening of participation
Technical solutions to improve resource supply/quality/distribution
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Development of alternatives:For large dam project like Gosikhurd, it is important to have a uniform social policy on rehabilitation and resettlement, preventing the absence of legislation in one region and the existence of a generous yet inapplicable framework in another. Far from minimizing the role of social movements it reinforces
their primary strength of permanent pressure on the State government towards respecting its engagements and develop strategies designed through collaborative work and consultation of affected people, social movements, policy-makers (both state-employed and otherwise) and social scientists [6].
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Gosikhurd Prakalpgrast Sangharsh Samiti has been demanding a compensation package as per 1999 rehabilitation norms as well as special benefits offered after the project was given national status. They are claiming that in addition to alternative agriculture land, they should be resettled with basic civic amenities and also Rs 12 lakh in lieu of government job and Rs 1 lakh for building cattle sheds and compensation for farm labour as also compensation at revised rates for the land they lost [2]. The project affected persons (PAP) have finally started receiving the compensation promised by chief minister Prithviraj Chavan. August 30, 2013 a sum of Rs 1.45 crore was transferred to the bank accounts of first batch of 44 residents of Ambhora-Kala village [5]
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict


National Rehabilitation and Resettlement Policy
[click to view]

[click to view]


References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

The Gosikhurd Dam Project and Transformation of Rural Social Space in Vidarbha, Maharashtra by Joël Cabalion

in Nature, Environment and Society: Conservation, Governance and Transformation in India

Nicolas Lainé and T. B. Subba (Eds.)
[click to view]

[6] For a sociology of dam-induced displacements: state-managed dispossession and social movements of resettlement in Central rural India
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Gosi Khurd(Indira Sagar) Major Irrigation Project JI00481

[4] Rs.1200 crore rehabilitation package for Gosikhurd Project
[click to view]

,000-crore scam: Gadkari justifies letter lobbying for controversial dam, contractors
[click to view]

Gosikhurd project: Maharashtra announces relief package
[click to view]

[1]Panel showed up Gosikhurd cracks even 2 years ago
[click to view]

[2] Gosi-affected to launch protest fast on June 30
[click to view]

[3] Gosikhurd dam oustees decry resettlement delay
[click to view]

Farmers protest government move to divert Gosikhurd water
[click to view]

[5] Gosikhurd oustees start getting aid
[click to view]

Wainganga (Gosikhurd) -Nalganga (Purna Tapi) Intra State Link Project
[click to view]

[click to view]

Gosikhurd dams worth
[click to view]

Rs 1,199-cr for Ghosikhurd project-affected gets nod -
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Nagpur : GosiKhurd Dam Project Follow Up
[click to view]

Manikrao thakrey on gosikhurd project (in Marathi)
[click to view]

Other comments:
Meta information
Contributor:Sohan Prasad Sha & Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update08/04/2014
Legal notice / Aviso legal
We use cookies for statistical purposes and to improve our services. By clicking "Accept cookies" you consent to place cookies when visiting the website. For more information, and to find out how to change the configuration of cookies, please read our cookie policy. Utilizamos cookies para realizar el análisis de la navegación de los usuarios y mejorar nuestros servicios. Al pulsar "Accept cookies" consiente dichas cookies. Puede obtener más información, o bien conocer cómo cambiar la configuración, pulsando en más información.