Green Resources platantions, Tanzania


Green Resources arrived in 2006 in the region, and set up pine and eucalyptus plantations with the aim to sell carbon credits (400 thousand tons of CO2) to the Norwegian state for offsetting its greenhouse gas emissions. In 2008, a the project was presented as a Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Project to the Executive Board of the CDM of the UNFCCC. The exclusive use of community lands to establish plantations has been received from the government by a lease of 99 years. Main impacts reported have been that local people have lost their lands; poor working conditions; - Destruction of biodiversity on which people rely for food, fuel and medicines. Plantations established on grasslands, home to endangered species; and people have reduced water availability

Basic Data
NameGreen Resources platantions, Tanzania
ProvinceIringa province, southern Tanzania
SiteMufindi region
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Specific Commodities
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsGreen Resources is a private Norwegian company with 60 shareholders, set up in 1995, with activities such as plantations and renewable energy projects. Besides Tanzania, Green Resources operates in Uganda and Mozambique.

Project Area (in hectares)12682: (plantation area
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population:hundreds of people
Company Names or State EnterprisesGreen Resources from Norway
Relevant government actorsTanzania government
International and Financial InstitutionsNorfund from Norway
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEnvirocare (Tanzania) and Timberwatch Coalition (South Africa)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
International ejos
Local ejos
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Soil erosion
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment
Project StatusIn operation
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Lack of updated info after denuncations
Sources and Materials

Karumbidza, Blessing and Wally Menne, “CDM Carbon Sink Tree Plantations: a case study from Tanzania”, 2010, Timberwatch Coalition (); and
[click to view]


[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorWinnie Overbeek
Last update08/04/2014