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Hainan residents against construction of coal-fired power plant, China

Hainan residents protest against a 300 million dollar coal-fired power plant since 2011 and are violently repressed.


The 300 million USD Yinggehai coal-fired power plant project was initially proposed in 2007. It received approval from the Chinese National Resources Bureau in Beijing in November 2011.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Hainan residents against construction of coal-fired power plant, China
State or province:Hainan province
Location of conflict:Yinggehai, Foluo and Huangliu
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Coal extraction and processing
Thermal power plants
Specific commodities:Land
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The 300 million USD Yinggehai coal-fired power plant project was initially proposed in 2007. It received approval from the Chinese National Resources Bureau in Beijing in November 2011. As the world's largest producer and consumer of coal, the People's Republic of China relies for 70-80% of its energy supply on coal.

Project area:N/A
Level of Investment for the conflictive project300,000,000 USD
Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:10,000 – 30,000
Start of the conflict:01/11/2011
End of the conflict:01/12/2012
Company names or state enterprises:China Power Investment Corporation (CPI) from China
Relevant government actors:National Resources Bureau
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Information Center for Human Rights & Democracy (Hong-Kong based):
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Industrial workers
Informal workers
Local ejos
Social movements
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Development of a network/collective action
Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Health ImpactsPotential: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession
Project StatusUnder construction
Conflict outcome / response:Criminalization of activists
Violent targeting of activists
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Many protesters have been detained and injured during the clashes with the riot police. Finally, in December 2012, Yinggehai residents and officials confirmed that construction work on the coal-fired power plant had already begun. Neither the government nor the state-owned company responded to the protests.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Country Analysis CHINA, Last updated: 4 February 2014,
[click to view]

Chinese environmental activist goes on trial over books, by Tania Branigan, The Guardian, 11 October 2012,
[click to view]

Thousands Surround Government Building, by Qiao Long, Radio Free Asia, 17 April 2014,
[click to view]

Yinggehai Coal Power Plant Brings Chinese Villagers Clashes With Police Over Pollution, by Louise Watt, AP, The World Post, 22 October 2012,
[click to view]

Chinese protesters clash with police over power plant, AP in Beijing, The Guardian, 22 October 2012,
[click to view]

Power Plant Activist Freed, by Qiao Long, Radio Free Asia, 6 December 2012,
[click to view]

Thousands Protest Power Plant, by Xin Yu, Radio Free Asia, 12 March 2012,
[click to view]

Protesters Beaten, Teargassed, by Fung Yat-yiu, Radio Free Asia, 13 April 2012,
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

NTDTelevision (2012), Thousands Protest Coal-Plant Project in Hainan, China, 13 March 2012,
[click to view]

Meta information
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:1819
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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