Hanhikivi Nuclear Power Plant, Pyhäjoki, Finland


The peninsula of Hanhikivi is an important nesting area for numerous endangered species of birds, and its flora consists to a large extent of endangered and close to extinct plant species (1). Different parts of Hanhikivi are protected through different conservation agreements, two of them being FINIBA (Finland Important Bird Area) and Natura 2000. On this peninsula, the company Fennovoima wants to build a nuclear power plant, thus making this protected nature area an industrial one.

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Basic Data
NameHanhikivi Nuclear Power Plant, Pyhäjoki, Finland
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Nuclear
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Nuclear power plants
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe planned capacity of the power plant is 1,200 MWe and its planned operation start is year 2020. (12)
Type of PopulationUnknown
Potential Affected Population3,400-200,000
Start Date2007
Company Names or State EnterprisesFennovoima from Finland - Fennovoima is owned by a conglomerate of companies, for a complete list see Reference 12
Voimaosakeyhtiö SF from Finland
Rosatom State Atomic Energy Corporation (Rosatom) from Russian Federation
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersPro Hanhikivi, http://pro.hanhikivi.net/, Case Pyhäjoki, http://casepyhajoki.info/, Kärnkraftsfritt Bottenviken, http://karnkraftsfritt.wordpress.com/2012/10/09/nej-till-karnkraft/, Greenpeace, www.greenpeace.org/finland/en
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingInternational ejos
Local ejos
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
OtherThe complex uncertain and potential risks of nuclear power plants.
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Despite years of resistance from different EJOs and concerned citizens, the project plans are still developing with no sign of being stopped. However, it is too early to say what the outcome will be.
Sources and Materials

FINIBA (Finland Imporant Bird Areas)
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Natura 2000
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CONSTRUCTION DELAYED, WISE, No. 754, August 31 2012
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(12) Fennovoima proceeding towards signing the plant supply contract,
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(1) Hanhikivi
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(2) Nordic and Russian activists covered the City hall of Vantaa with tarpaulin: Do not invest in nuclear power
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(4) Greenpeace starts campaigning against E.ON nuclear project in Northern Finland
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(6) Greenfield site for a nuclear power plant
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(7) Greenpeace demands canceling the approval for Pyhäjoki nuclear power plant
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(8) Case Pyhäjoki
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(9) Pro Hanhikivi
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(10) 100% Förnybart! Nej till Kärnkraft i Pyhäjoki
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(11) Oro för radioaktiva utsläpp, SvD, 2013-10-23
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(3) Pyhäjoki


Meta Information
ContributorLinda Dubec
Last update08/04/2014