Last update:
2018-02-27

Huaneng Haimen coal-fired power station, China

Protests and blockades for stopping a coal power station did not achieve their goal. Repression and violence against protesters put at place while China expands energy generation capacity.


Description:

In 2011, when plans were announced to expand the coal-fired Huaneng Haimen power station situated in Haimen, residents and other citizens opposing the expansion took their anger to the streets. The residents argued that existing coal-fired power plants had already caused environmental and health-related damage to the local population, citing that they had caused a rise in cases of cancer and damage to the local fishing industry.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Huaneng Haimen coal-fired power station, China
Country:China
State or province:Guangdong Province
Location of conflict:Haimen, Chaoyang District, Shantou Prefecture
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Coal extraction and processing
Thermal power plants
Specific commodities:Coal
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The Huaneng Haimen power station is operated by the state-owned China Huaneng Group. The coal-fired has four units which were put in operation between 2009 and 2013. The station's total capacity is 4,144 MW.

Project area:Approx. 90 hectares
Type of populationUrban
Affected Population:Around 30,000
Start of the conflict:20/12/2011
Company names or state enterprises:China Huaneng Group (CHNG) from China
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Neighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of mobilization:Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Other Health impacts
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Criminalization of activists
Deaths, Assassinations, Murders
Repression
Violent targeting of activists
Application of existing regulations
Online accounts stating that two people had died during the protest were denied by a Chinese official and could not be confirmed.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:In 2014, protests re-emerged and twelve people were arrested for blocking a road leading to the plant for disturbing public order. After expansion plans were temporarily put on hold due to the protests in 2011, two additional coal-fired units were finally completed in 2013, bringing the power station's capacity up to a total of 4,144 MW.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

YANG, Ailun; CUI, Yiyun (2012), Global Coal Risk Assessment: Data Analysis and Market Research, World Resources Institute, Working Paper, November 2012,
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Police Fire Tear Gas at Protesters in Chinese City, by Michael Wines, The New York Times, 23 December 2011
[click to view]

Huaneng Haimen power station, SourceWatch, Center for Media and Democracy (CMD)
[click to view]

Opposition to coal in China, SourceWatch, Center for Media and Democracy (CMD)
[click to view]

Company Profile, Huaneng Power International Inc.
[click to view]

Chinese official denies reports of deaths at Haimen protest, by Alison Leung and Sisi Tang, Reuters, 21 December 2011
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

The New York Times (2011), Villagers gathered to protest in Haimen, China, on Friday, 25 December 2011
[click to view]

Meta information
Last update27/02/2018
Comments
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